Tribal and Ethnic Religions
If you're interested in learning more about these cultures, it's helpful to look at their Origin, Predominance, Mythic Beings, Rituals, and more. Listed below are a few key points to consider before beginning your journey. These beliefs may be different than your own, so take this information with a grain of salt. There's plenty to learn in this article!
The origin of tribal and ethnic religions is a broad subject. Many of these traditions are rooted in a belief in nature, which is often interwoven with human rituals. Some people also practice animism, or the belief that spirits inhabit objects. Among the various indigenous religions, Shinto is the most popular. It is highly animistic. Depending on the region, a group may practice a syncretistic combination of several different religions, or a sect.
In the colonial era, the word tribe was used to refer to specific cultural and political groups. A tribe had limited power outside of its own group, and was thought to be a primitive system. However, Africans were taught the concept of a "tribe" by Westerners and subsequently saw tribes as primitive systems. Today, the word "tribe" generally refers to small, isolated groups that have little or no involvement with a central state.
In contrast to the universalizing religions, ethnic religions are based on beliefs that have been handed down from generation to generation. While they are largely isolated from other religions, they are also not characterized by conversion. They tend to spread through diffusion and increased birth rates and are closely related to a place's ethnic heritage and physical geography. In some cases, however, they have been replaced by universalizing religions.
Tribal and ethnic religions can be classified into two types. Ethnic religions are typically rooted close to the hearth of a community and are not universalizing religions. However, they do have the potential to diffuse over time. While the diffusion of Judaism is a good example, many other religions could follow. But it would be a mistake to presume that all tribal and ethnic religions are universal.
The existence of ethno-religious divisions adversely affects a wide range of desirable social objectives. Moreover, these divisions are difficult to measure, as different groups exhibit varying characteristics. Different bodies of research focus on different aspects of divisions, such as social structure and spatial distance between groups. However, disaggregating the notion of division is a critical step toward conceptual coherence among disparate theoretical literature.
In Mindanao, the situation is more complicated. While the overall level of ethnic fractionalization is still lower than the global average of 0.46, it is much higher than this at the barangay level. In fact, the fractionalization score is higher than the level of religion, making Mindanao seem more ethnically divided than the rest of the country. Further, the ethnic fractionalization index has increased from 2000 to 2010, indicating increasing ethnic divisions.
Ethnic conflicts have re-emerged in many parts of the world after the end of the Cold War. Many writers have argued that inter-ethnic conflicts have religious components. Samuel Huntington, for example, argued in Foreign Affairs in summer 1993 that inter-ethnic conflicts frequently involve religious differences. Other writers have made similar arguments, such as Daniel Patrick Moynihan and R. Scott Appleby.
Mythic Beings are not normally seen, but are a part of the world of many tribal and ethnic religions. These beings are not physically present but are deemed to affect both this world and other realms. Many myths and stories of mythic beings have roots in several parts of the world, including North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. In addition to human beings, mythic creatures are also present in many natural environments, including lakes, mountains, clouds, and seas.
Traditionally, rituals serve as an anchor for religious beliefs. They involve repetitive physical acts and gestures that reinforce the belief system, connect worshippers with higher powers, and establish a divide between the sacred and profane. In many tribal & ethnic religions, rituals serve as a social glue, helping groups and individuals to bond and stay together. Rituals are also a way for people to express their spirituality.
In Durkheim's work, totems were sacred animals or symbols that the Australian Aboriginals believed to have specific powers. The creatures of these totemic societies served specific social functions. The belief system also defined the boundaries between sacred and profane objects, enabling communities to develop a code of conduct centered on these objects. These rituals were not simply an expression of spiritual beliefs, however.
The economic impact of tribal & ethnic religions has received some attention from researchers. In fact, there has been a significant increase in the number of studies examining these issues. Arezki, R., and Bruckner, M. have both studied the effects of ethnic and religious differences on state stability and corruption. These authors have also published studies comparing the economic benefits of cultural differences versus state stability.
Most quantitative research on the impact of ethnic divisions on economies has focused on the distribution of political power and the provision of public goods. In much of Africa, large differences in economic development are seen across ethnic groups. Although most of the empirical work has been focused on macroeconomic outcomes, it has also been shown to influence the quality of governance and the incidence of conflict. Further, research on the economic impact of tribal & ethnic religions reveals that they contribute to economic development and are crucial for fostering social cohesion.
Generally, participation is more important than belief in indigenous religious traditions. Many native North American religious traditions do not allow doctrinal debates and focus instead on good-hearted participation. Despite this, some knowledgeable people with a large amount of life experience may discuss these matters informally. In the United States, the economic impact of tribal & ethnic religions on native North American communities should not be underestimated.