Stage & Theatre - What You Need to Know
In this article, we'll look at some of the basic terminology of Stage & Theatre. We'll also talk about Common equipment used by scene designers, the preforming area on a stage, and the limitations of a stage. Read on to learn more about these essential terms and how they can help you create a great production. Hopefully, we'll have a better understanding of what you need to know to get started.
In the field of stage and theatre, you may hear certain terms all the time, from the actors to the designers. The words used in a play are called "terms of art," which means they are standards for evaluating artistic works. You may also hear about "technical departments" and "critics," which are people who specialize in evaluating literary and artistic works. Stagehands and technicians work in these departments, and these people often work alongside actors or performers. In ballet, which is an extremely technical form of dance, there are also specific terms and terminology for that style of dance, based on French.
Drama is the most common type of dramatic performance. It can be divided into several categories, including comedy, farce, and tragedy. Each genre has a different set of terms and styles. For example, a play may use the word "actor" and "actress." A character is a person in an art piece, while characterization is the process in which an actor or actress portrays a character. Choreography is the movement of the actors to the music.
Lighting is an important part of a play. Lighting effects are controlled by lighting equipment, which controls the brightness of the lights. Some of these terms can be confusing, so it's important to be educated about them so you can understand how to use them. A general rule for lighting is to keep in mind the lighting state. Lighting is always a good starting point when you're staging a show, and you'll learn how to use it in a play.
The stage manager provides cues for actors. They can come in the form of a spoken line, action, or even a count. For instance, the Maid will say, "I hear someone coming!" when the actors enter the stage. The same thing happens in the next musical number, so it's important to know what cues you need to use. The stage manager will direct the actors to move accordingly.
Common equipment used by scene designers
A scene designer's work can require several pieces of equipment. One of these is personal protective equipment, or PPE. It protects the wearer from injuries caused by power tools or other equipment. Common PPE includes molded earplugs, plastic bands, and safety glasses. Workers must wear closed-toe shoes and long pants to protect their skin. Various kinds of eye protection are also required for different jobs. The wearer must be wearing safety glasses when operating power tools.
Another important piece of equipment used by scene designers on stage and theatre is book flats. These are two flats hinged together on a vertical edge. They are used as backings for windows and doorways. Whenever they are opened, they are freestanding and can be stored or set quickly. A book flat can also be used to lift a technician into otherwise inaccessible positions. To ensure that all equipment is working properly, the scene designer must carefully follow the instructions of the lighting technician.
Lighting is an essential part of the production. Stage lighting is important because it can either accentuate the scenery or obscure it. Lighting fixtures can help define the setting or draw attention to an actor or a character's expression. Props are sometimes held up by trusses for stability. LED boards and trusses are other important tools of stage lighting. They can also help to make a scene more realistic by enhancing the actors' movements.
Fabric and material samples are important tools that scenic designers use. They provide the scene shop with a visual reference of the materials that will be used in the production. The designer can present these to the scene shop to make sure everything fits together. The materials used will vary depending on the type of production. It's also necessary to know about the use of light switches and other special mechanisms on stage. After the final design, the stage shop will be able to work with the materials that they have on hand.
Preforming area on a stage
The design of the preforming area on a stage is an important component of the production. A designer should be creative and technical, as this task is not the same as designing a house or building. It is similar to creating a picture of the play, reflecting the play's reality on stage. A design for a stage is also a creative activity, with the basic elements of a painting reflected in the set.
A stage is divided into three distinct parts, or "zones," where the actors can perform. The acting area is located on the stage floor and has an audience seated on either side. The audience and technical staff sit on either side of the performing area. A theater is also divided into two parts: the house and the stage. The actors and the production crew perform on a stage within the house. The technical team, or set designer, creates the stage for a specific play.
The seating area of a theatre stage is divided into named zones. These zones are designated for actor movement and positioning on stage. The prompt side is a traditional location for the Stage Manager and is situated on the stage's left side. The stage's right side is named the garden side or the square side. The theatre des Tuileries uses the square side for the stage's left and right sides. It is used as an effective staging area when the actors and crew are rehearsing.
The pit is the area in which musicians sit while performing on a stage. Sometimes it is a separate space for the orchestra during a musical. It also gives actors a place to perform without the audience's view. It is typically accessed through doors, either built into the stage's floor or built into a wall. The pit may have a curtain or scenery, or battens for the lighting instruments.
Limitations of a stage
In the field of theatre, the limitations of a stage are twofold: physical and emotional. The former pertains to the predispositions of artists, while the latter is generated by the physical environment. The former involves the material barriers of a stage, the morphology of artists, and the inherent characteristics of a performance space. Both types of boundaries are related to the limitations of actors and directors. During rehearsals, a cast must adapt to the stage's limitations, and a director must be aware of the restrictions of this space.
There are three main types of stages: the proscenium stage, the thrust stage, and the open stage. The former has the audience seated in rows facing the stage. Those with an open stage are referred to as "end stages". The proscenium arch provides a window for the performers and scenery, giving the audience a good view of the actors and scenery. The latter is a more flexible option, because the audience can sit on any side of the stage.
Techniques used by scene designers
Scenic designers have many different tools to work with. One of these is the ground plan, which is a view of the entire stage from above, which can help the designer develop a scenic design, and the director establish the action flow. The ground plan is also a required tool for lighting designers, who use it to determine the placement of scenery. Another tool that is essential for scene designers is the section, which is a vertically dissected view of the theatre. The section shows the placement of all lighting positions.
Scenic flats are large painted canvasses suspended from a batten and are often painted to resemble a city street, cornfield, or night sky. They are often run with the hinged edge leading, allowing them to be quickly set and stored. These flats are also known as bookings, and are used in conjunction with LEGS. They are generally used in conjunction with LEGS to create the illusion of a wall, and have a variety of other uses.
Scenic design is an essential part of the stage production process, but wasn't considered necessary at the beginning. During the Middle Ages, when theaters were often presented on traveling pageant wagons, the role of the scenic designer was less obvious. During the Italian Renaissance, however, the emergence of a stage design movement brought new ideas from Italy and the renaissance to England.
Scenographers create preliminary thumbnails of the different scenes they design. They consult with the director and other crew heads to incorporate their input. The preliminary thumbnails are then finalized into a ground plan, a scale representation of the different set pieces on stage. Working sketches are then made to direct construction of these set pieces to the exact specifications. If these sketches are approved by the director, they will be used for the construction of the stage.