Best Social Sciences Reference in 2022

Social Sciences Reference

If you are looking for a good Social Sciences Reference, you have come to the right place. We've compiled a list of some of the most important and useful resources on Anthropology, Sociology, Political science, and Public administration. If you're not familiar with these terms, read on to find out how to use them. Then, you can find the best book to match your needs. You can browse the various sections of the encyclopedia, including the biographical entries of influential people and their works, as well as critical responses to their work.


We have all encountered examples of sociological investigations. People nod at a familiar scene, and you might not notice any differences. However, the insights that sociologists uncover can challenge your assumptions. That's the thrill of sociology. Here are just a few examples. So, what's so exciting about Sociology? Read on to find out! Also, don't forget to watch our video below. We have some great ideas for you!

Sociology emphasizes the connection between individual behavior and the behavior of society. The German sociologist Norbert Elias compared analyzing individual behavior and society to "figuration." You can't dance without dancing partners! Therefore, understanding society as a whole allows you to better understand the behaviors of individuals. By understanding the relationships between individuals and society, you can better understand and influence human behavior. In this way, Sociology teaches us to understand social dynamics.

Early sociologists proposed using reason to solve social problems and emancipate mankind from servitude. Wollstonecraft, for example, believed that women should be educated to become better people. Similarly, Marx believed that social change is a process that occurs by the struggle of different social classes. The emergence of the market-based economy created the conditions for human conflict. Marx saw economic and social inequality as a symptom of the conflict between classes.

A more pragmatic approach to the study of society is to consider religion. Although some religions are viewed as immoral or evil, they often serve a useful function for society. People believe in a supernatural being, and rituals can create mental states that unify people. The function of religions is a key reason why societies have religions, and this idea has permeated sociology. However, it can be challenging to understand the exact mechanisms underlying these beliefs.


In its earliest years, anthropologists studied societies in far-flung locations. Today, they study a variety of social contexts in various parts of the world, from state bureaucracies in Papua New Guinea to religious beliefs in the UK. Anthropologists seek to make the familiar seem strange and unfamiliar in a variety of ways. But what makes anthropology different from other disciplines? Read on to discover why this field is so valuable.

During the nineteenth century, most thinkers were "armchair anthropologists," learning about other cultures through the reports of travelers. They wrote about faraway cultures with little personal experience. However, anthropologists like Morgan strayed from this trend and spent substantial amounts of time studying the Iroquois people in central New York. These interactions led him to make major contributions to anthropology. He believed that by living in their cultures, we can understand them better.

Boas' study of cultural differences resulted in the development of the Culture and Personality School, which documented cultural variation in modal personality and how child-rearing shaped an adult's personality. The cultural knowledge gained by these U.S. anthropologists proved invaluable during World War II, as their books were used by the U.S. government to make the occupation of the Japanese people easier. Mead even offered advice to the U.S. military during the South Pacific War.

As the study of cultures continues to evolve, the scope of ethnography is also expanding. The boundaries of ethnography have shrunk considerably since the 1960s, when ethnographers focused on exotic cultures. Now, they study different parts of the world, not just the whole country. That's why it's so important to have a reference book on anthropology. That way, you'll know the latest findings from researchers in the field, and can make an informed decision when it comes to interpreting cultural differences.

Political science

Political science is an academic discipline which deals with political systems, power and the related constitutions and laws. Political science examines the nature of political thought, activity and behavior. The field also examines the various factors which affect the functioning of a society. In a nutshell, political science deals with the study of power, governance and the associated laws and constitutions. To learn more about the field, read on! Also, check out our list of useful links below to learn about it!

Students majoring in Political Science study the behavior of leaders around the world. They explore issues of power, conflict, and justice, as well as the functions of governments. Students also study the evolution of political systems and analyze how governments work in practice. They also seek to determine the best ways to improve political systems in the future. This broad field of study is growing in importance as it explores how political systems affect societies, and how they can improve the functioning of government.

Political science traces its roots to the first century BCE. The Greek philosopher Plato wrote many dialogues about the nature of government. Aristotle developed this field by observing different types of governments. During the seventeenth century, the scientific revolution began to be applied to politics. Thomas Hobbes used geometry to break down the structure of government. In the nineteenth century, Karl Marx and Max Weber applied sociological methods to political study.

There are numerous specialties within political science. Some specializations include international relations, comparative politics, domestic politics, political economy, political theory, and political methodology. Political scientists study political parties, voting behavior, interest groups, government bureaucracies, courts, and the administration of justice. Other topics covered by political scientists include political socialization, national security, and defense policy. In addition, political scientists study government systems under different cultural conditions and formulate theories on how these systems function.

Public administration

The definition of Public Administration is "the study of public affairs with an emphasis on understanding and explaining these matters." The objective of this field is to ensure that the goals of government agencies are met while simultaneously focusing on the actual behavior of people involved in implementing political decisions. Public administration offers a counterbalance to the economic rationalization of human social behavior. Public administration uses concepts from all social sciences and economics. For example, the study of public administration can examine how government agencies respond to public concerns, whether the goals are economic or social.

The field of Public Administration is a branch of management that focuses on the organization and implementation of government policy. Public administrators typically work for non-elected government officials and are responsible for the behavior and conduct of government employees. Public administrators include municipal budget directors, human resources administrators, city managers, census managers, and cabinet secretaries. In addition, public administrators are often working in non-profit organizations and departments. It is important to note that the profession of public administration varies considerably depending on the specific type of job.

Politics and public affairs are closely connected. Politics is the process by which a government's policies are implemented. Public administrators must be aware of the moral values of the people in order to properly implement public policy. Consequently, public administration is important for every country. The role of public administrators is to promote these moral values. Ultimately, public administrators are responsible for the well-being of society. While some administrators may be viewed as "political administrators," they play a central role in society.


Economic theory and concepts are integral to any understanding of how the economy works. This discipline examines the relationships between individuals and their communities, as well as the distribution and consumption of goods and services. Economists use quantitative and qualitative tools to study the way markets work and how people allocate scarce resources to meet their needs. Although economists study the behavior of economic agents, many social scientists use more rigid research methodologies in their work. This book is an excellent resource for students and professionals working in government and the non-profit sector.

While there is still no universal definition of economics, the basic components of economic theory are well known. The three factors of production are land, labour, and capital. They make up the basic economic principles that determine the economic well-being of a nation. Economic theories often depend on these factors, and many of them are ineffective and even counterproductive. The book also shows that markets are imperfect and require appropriate institutions to function properly. In addition, it shows that self-interest does not always serve the general good.

The economics discipline has been nicknamed the dismal science. Thomas Carlyle coined the term "dismal science" in 1849, in response to the liberal view of social equality and race. While some commentators believe he was criticizing John Stuart Mill's predictions of the end of the world, other sources suggest he was referring to the work of Thomas Robert Malthus, who is widely considered one of the most influential economists of all time.

The Web of Science indexes scholarly journals. This source provides full-text author abstracts and citation counts. Some business journals are not indexed by Web of Science, but you can still find citation counts elsewhere. In addition to these databases, you can also look up economic papers. Moreover, CEPREMAP contains economic working papers from the Francophone world. Though many of the papers are in French, the content is available in English.

Rachel Gray

In July 2021 I graduated with a 2:1 BA (Hons) degree in Marketing Management from Edinburgh Napier University. My aim is to work in book publishing, specifically in publicity, or to specialise in branding or social media marketing. I have 6 years of retail experience as for over 5 years I was a Customer Advisor at Boots UK and I now work as a Bookseller in Waterstones. In my spare time, I love to read and I run an Instagram account dedicated to creating and posting book related content such as pictures, stories, videos and reviews. I am also in the early stages of planning to write my own book as I also enjoy creative writing.

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