Best Sciences & Technology in Russian in 2022

Sciences & Technology in Russian

Publicly owned R&D institutions carried out S&T research. The support for these institutions came from "block funding," which resulted from centrally decided planning decisions. Since there was little accountability attached to block funds, these funds were frequently handed out based on political influence. Moreover, no competitive funding mechanisms existed in the Soviet era. Nevertheless, the application of S&T knowledge was part of a wider plan and therefore had little influence over local economies.

Research foundation

The Research foundation in Russian sciences & technology (SkTech) is a public organization which supports the development of the bioeconomy in Russia by establishing 15 multidisciplinary research centers abroad. The centers will be partnered with Russian universities and research institutes. MIT is one of the institutions to host a SkTech center, while the other ten will be at institutions selected through an international competition. The competition attracted 129 applications from universities and research institutes in 20 countries. The competition will provide each center with up to $6 to $12 million a year for five years to support the research.

The RFBR's main task is to select the most promising scientific projects from initiative orders and support them financially. Its primary direction is competition for scientific research proposals. It supports both individual researchers and small groups of scientists. All projects are evaluated according to their quality and their potential for commercialization. However, RFBR provides equal opportunities to everyone. Its goal is to foster intellectual potential in Russia. Its mission statement says that it will support scientific and technological projects whose potential is high enough to make it globally competitive.

The IFTI mandate includes the development of promising technologies from state-owned research institutions. By law, IFTI is exempt from taxation, which means that any funds it receives must be used for the development of new technologies. And with the support of IFTI, Russian scientists can take courses and attend conferences abroad. The Russian government has limited funding to support such projects, so if you are interested in pursuing a career in science and technology, this is the best option.

The Russian government established an analog of the National Science Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities. The new organizations introduced new ideas and developed new approaches. Foreign foundations had different priorities in funding research and development, namely focusing on young scientists, universities and geographical distribution of research grants. The Russian government sometimes followed these priorities. In addition, the Russian government has made the most recent changes to the Foundation's governance structure.

Research projects

Despite a large amount of public funding, Russian scientists still struggle with bureaucracy. While the government has reduced paperwork for lab materials, many scientists still report difficulty procuring supplies from outside Russia. Some scientists cite political interference as a concern. In 2015, the ministry of justice shut down a private science funder known as the Dynasty Foundation. This problem is still widespread. To overcome these obstacles, the government must develop new scientists from young PhD students.

Since 2008, Russia and Germany have been cooperating to enhance science cooperation. The two countries are currently involved in almost 300 joint research projects. These collaborations include research in geostrategically important areas, such as the Arctic. MOSAiC is one such collaboration, which involves 300 scientists on board a German research vessel. Russian supply vessels are critical to the project. In addition to this, research collaborations have also been made possible through the strong historical ties between the two countries.

Russia's RFBR has a broader mandate than simply facilitating investment in Russian science. The foundation's mission is to identify and support the best scientific projects and research groups. Its funds support research in the most promising directions, and its activities are guided by the Constitution, federal laws, decrees, and charter. These projects can contribute to a nation's innovation capacity. Further, Russian scientists can use the money to develop new technologies.

The Russian Academy of Sciences first had its headquarters in Saint Petersburg. Many of its scientists have achieved great things that remain secret today, as bureaucratic and security issues prevented public knowledge of their discoveries. Among the most notable achievements in this field are the first design of magnetic resonance imaging, which was proposed by Vladislav Ivanov in 1960. The Russian Academy of Sciences has also been a leader in the development of science in the country.

Research collaborations

International sanctions imposed on Russia have put a damper on research collaborations. While Germany and Great Britain are urging the scientific community to cut Russia off from all projects, they are also recommending that non-government institutions continue to cooperate with Russia. Both countries are stating that xenophobia against Russian scientists is a violation of international law. Regardless of the specifics, the United States is determined to maintain scientific ties with Russia and encourages collaboration in sciences and technology.

However, it would be unwise to cut off all scientific cooperation with Russia, as it would harm the international community's interests. While a ban on collaborations would have a serious negative effect on the scientific community, there are many other reasons why it would be unwise to cut off Russian research collaborations. A ban on international collaborations with Russia would hurt the scientific community and could also exacerbate the conflict, according to scientists.

Another area of research collaboration could be polar science. Scientists from both countries visit each other's polar stations, while Indian scientists visit Russian stations. A Russian ice breaker vessel helped chart the Indian ship in Antarctica. Both countries have also supported each other logistically, and in 2017, India hosted the International Conference on Antarctic Research in Bharati. Russian scientists from the Progress Station also participated in the event.

The US is the biggest scientific partner of Russia. According to the UNESCO, there have been more than 14 thousand papers co-authored by Russian researchers with American counterparts. After the US, Germany, France, Britain, and China were the next most common countries for scientific cooperation. So, the US is still the largest scientific partner. But the US isn't alone. China has also become a major player in scientific research.

One of the most significant areas for cooperation between the two countries is biotechnology. In 2012, the first post-Soviet strategic document on biotechnology was passed by Russia, entitled The State Coordination Program for Development of Biotechnology in the Russian Federation Until 2020. The program invested around USD 18 million in biotechnology development, and 22% of this money went to pharmaceutical research. This program, while helpful, has limited results. For this reason, the focus of state programs in the pharmaceutical industry appears more focused and practical.

Innovation environment

The scientific-technical sector in Russia is currently in a state of flux. Significant scientific development and a high level of education exist here, and significant accumulated capital has been built up in the research and production sphere. However, the innovation environment is far from ideal. One of the main reasons is a lack of budgetary funding and coordination between federal agencies. The lack of resources in research and development is another reason.

Increasingly, government policies and programs are being implemented to promote an innovation-driven economy. Russia has created 70 technoparks under the auspices of leading higher education institutions, and is developing a number of innovation technology centers. The state has also established 16 regional centers to promote scientific-technical entrepreneurship and train specialists in innovation. Meanwhile, there are about 1,300 small innovative enterprises operating under the Russian Ministry of Education.

In addition, the Russian Ministry of Education has established a federal-level innovation center to promote development of innovative activities. These centers conduct scientific research to identify trends in innovation and develop the scientific-methodological base for innovation activity. They also guide the innovation policy of the Russian Ministry of Education. If there is a need for specialists in various spheres of innovation, the Russian government will create more of them to support the development of Russian science and technology.

While the NSC is continuing its evolution to become the leading Russian innovation center, it is at a critical juncture. The implementation of Akademgorodok 2.0 will result in the development of hundreds of new innovative companies. Moreover, the development of the science polis zone will result in the creation of several large high-tech enterprises. At the same time, the region's educational system will be enhanced, and the scientific and technological infrastructure will develop in a coordinated manner.

The NSC SB RAS is an example of a successful innovation environment in Russia. It has a strong collaborative environment with key industrial partners, including a variety of industry sectors. Moreover, the NSC SB RAS can support innovative development projects by introducing a unified policy. The NISTC can also be an essential element in the development of Akademgorodok 2.0. For example, there should be a joint scientific board (JSB) representing the branches of science at the SB RAS. It should also include representatives of industrial partners with a scientific profile that coincides with the board's scientific profile.

Katie Edmunds

Sales Manager at TRIP. With a background in sales and marketing in the FMCG sector. A graduate from Geography from the University of Manchester with an ongoing interest in sustainable business practices.

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