Sciences & Technology in Portuguese
In Portugal, science and technology are conducted within a network of research and development units, including public universities, state-managed autonomous research institutions, and non-state research institutes. There are also some private R&D projects, developed by companies. Here are some resources about Portuguese sciences and technology. If you'd like to learn more about Portugal's scientific research, read on. (And don't forget to come back for Part II.)
Examining scientific policy
One of the most surprising things I discovered while writing an article for COVID-19 was the level of government funding for science. Rather than funding a specific project, Portuguese and Spanish governments fund the research of a large number of researchers. In addition, both countries support many other scientific projects. But what are their funding mechanisms like? And how are they communicating science to the public? Listed below are some highlights of the science policy in the two countries.
Portugal's research policy has stimulated the scientific community, allowing for the formation of new universities and the recruitment of foreign researchers. It also enabled the internationalization of public R&D units in the country and increased the mobility of Portuguese scientists. But these benefits have not been sustained as public funding for science has dwindled since 2011. And the country's budget allocations for science have decreased significantly, leading to an increase in the migration of young researchers abroad.
In the 1950s, Portugal launched its first research and innovation policy, creating institutions that include the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel, the National Institute of Amazonian Research, the National Nuclear Energy Commission, the National Institute of Space Research, and the State University of Campinas. By the 1960s, the state government established the Sao Paulo State Foundation for Research Support, the State University of Campinas, and the Sao Paulo State University. In the 1970s, the National Laboratory for Scientific Computing was founded.
Portugal has a long tradition of promoting scientific culture, but the scientific system of the country is still underdeveloped compared to its European counterparts. The country's lack of funding, insufficient trained staff, and bureaucratic red tape hinder the development of scientific museums. Meanwhile, policies aimed at promoting PUS and fostering scientific literacy have not improved the situation much. While the Portuguese scientific system has developed more recently than other countries in the region, it still lags behind its European counterparts.
Portugal has no national museum dedicated to science, but its collection of scientific artifacts was developed over the centuries in scientific institutions created or reformed during various periods. With a growing awareness of the historical importance of collections, the country began to organize museums. However, these institutions often did not interpret science or history to the public. The Portuguese case is a good example of the complexity of this process. Hence, the Portuguese case is worth considering.
The National Museum of Natural History in Lisbon offers an excellent display of the history of science in Portugal. The museum features exhibits by leading Portuguese scientists. The museum is also home to the largest aquarium in Europe, as well as a renowned museum of Portuguese Renaissance art. Science and technology are conducted in a network of state-managed autonomous research institutions and public universities. For example, the Portuguese Renaissance was characterized by Pedro Nunes, a famous mathematician. The Portuguese Academy of Sciences was established in 1779. In addition to being one of Portugal's oldest scientific institutions, the Academy of Sciences has hosted many international conferences and exhibits.
If you are an interested reader of science-related publications in Portuguese, there are several journals you can subscribe to. One of the leading Portuguese-language scientific journals is Media & Journalism, which publishes semi-annually and theme-specific issues. Published in Portuguese, it aims to stimulate public debate on issues related to health and well-being. In addition to its articles, the journal also publishes abstracts in English. If you want to read older issues, they are gradually being posted online.
The journal Bulletin of Documentary Funds was the first Portuguese-language journal to publish empirical research and studies related to documentary funds. The journal is open to the Portuguese and foreign scientific communities, with a preference for studies that are related to existing collections. Currently, it is published in digital form, hosted on the Impactum Platform. However, you can also access the journal in print. Its main objective is to promote intellectual dialogue and dissemination of research.
The Portuguese Journal of Social Science is published by Intellect Ltd., located in the United Kingdom. Its coverage history is 2002-2020. Its official website features information on how to submit papers and its call for papers. The abbreviation recommended is Port. J. Soc. Sci., which meets all the essential criteria of the ISO 4 standard. This journal also accepts articles in Spanish, Portuguese, and Portuguese.
University of Porto
The Faculty of Sciences & Technology at University of Porto is situated in Porto, the second largest city in Portugal. It has been acknowledged as one of the best European destinations and plays an important role in the economic, social, cultural, and scientific development of the region and the country. The university produces leaders, innovators, and entrepreneurs who contribute to the progress of society and improve the lives of people in the region.
Among the many research centres located on campus, the Institute of Molecular Biology - IBMC - is responsible for over 20% of all Portuguese scientific papers in the ISI - Web of Science, while INESC-Porto has a strong focus on engineering. In addition to the traditional research units, there are several other centres dedicated to specific fields of study. The Institute of Molecular Biology (IPBM) is responsible for producing a substantial amount of the research that goes into the field of biomedical sciences.
The University of Porto has a long and distinguished history and has earned the title of benchmark Portuguese higher education institution. The university is ranked among the top 150 European Universities and combines excellent education with the hallmark of being Portugal's largest producer of Science. The University of Porto boasts 14 faculties and a business school, as well as close to 50 research centres, and attracts international students from all over the world.
If you're planning a trip to Lisbon, don't miss the Lisbon Oceanarium Sciences & Technology. The second-largest oceanarium in Europe is home to over 450 species of sea life and is a short walk from Tivoli Oriente. Visitors will enjoy great exhibitions, guided tours, educational workshops, and a special concert just for babies. Visitors will also have a chance to meet Vasco, a sea creature that interacts with children and adults alike.
In addition to the many animals in the aquarium, visitors will be able to see a variety of marine life in its three-dimensional tanks. The Lisbon Oceanarium's display tank is the size of four Olympic-size swimming pools and features an enormous collection of fish. The aquarium also showcases the work of numerous scientists and supports several scientific research projects. A visit to Lisbon Oceanarium is an exciting and educational experience for everyone who enjoys animals, and it's easy to see why the exhibits have been recognized as some of the world's most popular.
The Portuguese government supported the construction of the first public aquarium in Portugal. It opened in 1898 as part of an international exhibition celebrating 400 years of Portuguese discoveries. The Society of Geography led the project and selected naturalist Albert Girard to head it. Albert Girard, a civil engineer and naturalist, traveled around Europe to study oceanography and marine research stations. He returned to Lisbon in 1920 and was responsible for putting together the museum.
The Champalimaud Foundation is a 15-year-old Portuguese institution that has made tremendous strides in the area of medical research. Its president is Leonor Beleza, who was once the Minister of Health of Portugal. In her capacity as President of the Foundation, she has made a real difference in the lives of countless patients. She believes in the power of science and technology to solve the world's most pressing problems.
The late entrepreneur Antonio de Sommer Champalimaud left a legacy of nearly 500 million euros to a biomedical research foundation. In 2000, he chose Leonor Beleza, a former health minister of Portugal, to lead the foundation's biomedical research. Since then, she has returned from a year-long tour of medical research institutions across the world. She is now seeking out the best researchers in their fields to lead the foundation's research initiatives.
In Portugal, cancer diagnosis and treatment are woefully inadequate. The state welfare system is ill-equipped to provide cancer research. The Champalimaud Foundation is attempting to address this problem by creating a world-class cancer research center. The new research facility will feature sophisticated diagnostic and treatment units and a "bench-to-bedside" approach that brings researchers and clinicians together at the water-cooler to solve pressing medical problems.