Great Examples of Russian Literature
Considering studying Russian literature but not sure what to study? There are many great examples to choose from. Read up on Anna Akhmatova, Dostoevsky, and Ivan Turgenev. You will learn about their lives, work, and inspiration. If you want to read something a little bit more modern, try the works of Alexander Pushkin or Maximilian Voloshin. You might also find something in this article interesting!
Compared with Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, Ivan Turgenev is far less ambitious, but no less interesting. His work is rooted in human psychology, focusing on the relationships between men and women. He also addresses big questions like life and death, though his responses are shallower than those of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. His writing, however, shows a remarkable range.
While his first works focused on peasant life, later works reverted to a genre known as a folktale, largely based on a cynic or skeptic. Despite this, "The Dog" is a triumph over cynicism. While Turgenev's writings were not renowned for their art, his later works reverted to the type of story illustrated by the "Andrey Kolosov" type of illustrator.
Although a renowned literary figure, Turgenev had a controversial personal life. Though he never married, he had affairs with serfs, including his illegitimate daughter Paulinette. His tall, restrained build made him an unlikely candidate for a woman's man-child. His cowardice and unorthodox social ideas led to accusations of cowardice. However, his close friendship with Gustave Flaubert strengthened his literary career.
"Mumu" (1852) is another work by Turgenev that isn't included in A Hunter's Notes. The work is an anthologized work in the Soviet Union due to its social criticism. A deaf and dumb serf, "Mumu" describes life in the Soviet Union as a hard existence. Its protagonist forms an attachment to a dog before it is stolen by the elderly female owner.
While the radicals influenced the political world, Turgenev remained a liberal. His old friend Nikolay Nekrasov, the editor of The Contemporary, encouraged Turgenev to become radical, a process that took him a decade to complete. The radicalization of the Soviet literary world forced him to align with the conservative elements in his own milieu. He published his novels in The Russian Herald for most of that decade.
In 1857, after Alexander II had been crowned emperor, Turgenev began writing his first novel, On the Eve. The idea for this novel had been nurtured in his head since 1855, but it took him until January 1860 to finally finish it. It was published in the Russian Herald, his journal after a break from the prestigious journal, The Contemporary. During this period, Turgenev disliked his editor, Mikhail Katkov, and decided to write his first novel under a new name.
The greatest Russian poet of the 20th century, Anna Akhmatova, became an icon of artistic integrity. Her work embodied clarity, economy, and precision. Her rhyming was classical, yet her writing was remarkably simple and direct. This combination of classical rhyming and modern wit set Akhmatova apart from her contemporary contemporaries, such as Marina Tsvetaeva.
The Requiem is considered one of the greatest works of Russian literature, spanning over ten years. The poem reflects the suffering of the Russian people under the oppressive regimes of the time. It consists of ten short poems, and was published in Russia in 1987. The poems were originally composed for an opera stage, but were later revised for performance. This opera was first performed in Munich in 1963, but it was only in 1987 that it was re-released in Russia.
Her first two collections of poetry, Vecher (1912) and Chyotki (1914), were published in Vecher magazine and were translated into English as "When you're drunk, you're so much fun." The work has been translated into more than 20 languages, including English, French, and Spanish. Akhmatova's work is often compared to the works of Dante and Shakespeare. In fact, the poem has a very similar theme. The main theme of "When you're drunk," was an attempt to describe the ecstasy of drunkenness.
Though Anna Akhmatova did not like the word "poetess," she was a poet who endured oppression and persecution as she struggled to express her thoughts. Despite her persecution, Akhmatova remained in Russia and chose to remain despite the Bolshevik revolution. While her friends were forced to flee to Europe and the U.S., Akhmatova chose to remain in her homeland, despite the consequences for her family. Her son was often imprisoned and her second husband was executed.
While many of his works are classified as realism, Dostoevsky also used elements of fantasy to make his point. The book, "The Double," explores the psychology of the "little man," and the internal struggle between the light and dark sides of the human "I." In many ways, the work of Dostoevsky is an excellent example of Russian literature. To understand his contribution to Russian literature, it's important to consider his background in the field of literature.
Dostoevsky's story raises several questions about 19th century Imperial Russia. He discusses the disunity of people and the fragile nature of human personality and morality. His work also addresses the dependency of the state of mind and society on the nature of social relations. The novel is an example of how societal structure affects human personality and behavior. In particular, the story focuses on how the individual can find happiness in a world that systematically punishes those who don't conform to the rules.
In The Double, Dostoevsky parodies the material of The Northern Bee and The Library for Reading. By drawing on the theme of spirituality, Dostoevsky further develops this theme in the later work. The story first appeared in 1846 in Otechestvennye Zapiski. As a result, it is widely considered to be one of Dostoevsky's most influential works.
The Double was written in 1845, after Dostoevsky visited his brother Mikhail in Reval. It was completed in 1846, and Dostoevsky rewrote it in 1847. Despite the success of his novel, the criticism was harsh. The book's success came at the expense of the Russian literary culture and society. And, in addition to the popular novel, Dostoevsky introduced one new word into the Russian language, "shuffle."
Dostoevsky's early works emphasize consciousness. For example, in "The Double," the narrator's speech is a projection of Goliadkin's consciousness. Likewise, in "The Meek One" and "The Dream of a Ridiculous Man," Dostoevsky explores the notion of ontological instability. By deconstructing the boundaries between fantasy and reality, his work becomes a symbol of this instability.
Voloshin was born in Kiev but spent most of his life in the Crimea. He later moved between St Petersburg, Moscow and Paris. His Crimea house became a haven for writers and artists. It was converted into a 'House of Creativity' and a closed-access hotel for writers and artists. Today, readers of Russian literature can enjoy his prose works and poems in English translation.
Voloshin was born in Kiev, but his real surname was Kirilenko-Voloshin. He studied law at the Moscow University, but was not able to complete his degree due to student protests in 1898. Afterwards, he studied in Paris and traveled around Europe. After graduating, he returned to Russia in 1917 and spent the rest of his life in the Crimea.
The most famous post-revolutionary poems are the Deaf and Dumb Demons, which interpret the Bolshevik Revolution through the Symbolist Russian Idea. These poems explore a new vision of Russian history and identity and are unified by their poetic language. Several other poems by Voloshin have been particularly relevant to his contemporaries. If Voloshin's poems are considered to be anti-Revolutionary, that may be the reason they have been so popular among Russian literary critics.
"Maximilian Voloshin in Russian literature" by Barbara Walker is a critical study of the life and work of the Russian literary intelligentsia in the early Soviet period. This book is an important contribution to the study of Russian literature, which explores the relationship between literature and the culture of the Soviet state. The book includes xiv, 235 pages of essays, including bibliographic references.
In recent years, the town of Koktebel has held a poetry festival in memory of Voloshin. Several poets from all over the world come to Koktebel to celebrate the poet's life and work. The poet's home has been converted into a museum, and a bronze monument stands proudly on the shoreline, with his back to the sea. Ultimately, Voloshin's poetry has a lasting legacy in Russian literature and the culture around him.