Russian and Former Soviet Union Poetry
If you're interested in the literature of the former Soviet Union, read this article. The list of Russian & Former Soviet Union poets includes Anatoli Rybakov, Vassily Aksyonov, Yevgeny Zamiatin, and Osip Mandelshtam. You'll find out more about their work and discover some of the great authors behind their poems. You'll find a vast array of ideas, themes, making it difficult to pick just one.
Born in the village of Chernigov, Anatoli Rybakov was a member of a Jewish family and studied transport engineering. He was exiled to Siberia after the Russian Revolution and served in the Soviet army during World War II. After completing his schooling, he began writing, first publishing children's books such as Dirk. He went on to publish Drivers and Heavy Sand, which both dealt with the fate of a Jewish family in the time of Nazi occupation.
After writing two novels, Rybakov moved on to write a series of epic works, beginning with the novel Heavy Sand, which was a harrowing exploration of the fate of Russian Jews during World War II. This novel brought Rybakov worldwide attention and gained him a following among literary circles. In the 1960s, Rybakov was praised by Mikhail Gorbakov, who gave him the freedom to publish the novel Deti Arbata. The sequel Strakh describes the techniques of the Soviet secret police. And Dust and Ashes completes the Arbat trilogy.
The Stalin trilogy is a chilling portrait of Stalin, whose brutal character is the product of a complex interplay of personal traits. Rybakov creates characters that resemble real-life historical figures: the fictional Sharok is a proto-Stalinist, one of the new men of the 1930s, and the fate of Pankratov suggests that the Stalin dictator was pushing a counterrevolution in order to entrench his own personal power.
His novel Deti Arbata won acclaim when it was published in the Soviet Union. The Soviet journal where it was published increased the usual press run from 400,000 to 800,000 and received thousands of letters of praise. Western critics were somewhat lukewarm in their response to the work. The left-wing perspective of his writing made his work less valuable for anti-Marxist propaganda campaigns.
Despite the gloom, Children of the Arbat has a few moments of light. As Stalin suffers from a toothache, his personal dentist must be flown in from Moscow. In this case, the fear of everyone is a complication that Stalin must solve, and he is forced to face it head-on. However, Lipman does not tremble and dies as he performs his dental work.
In his youth, Vassily Aksyonov studied medicine, but left the field when political sentences stifled his writing. He later graduated from the Leningrad Medical Institute in 1956 and worked as a physician until 1960, when he began to write professionally. After publishing his first novel, "Colleagues," in 1958, in the youth magazine Yunost, he became a celebrity. The following year, he published "Ticket to the Stars," which sold over a million copies. Aksyonov became an author who influenced poetry throughout the Soviet Union.
In the Seventies, Aksyonov recited his poems in spontaneous gatherings on the streets. He even recited his works in sports stadiums. His work began to become more apocalic, biting, and sexual. Aksyonov then fled the Soviet Union and began writing screenplays and novels. His work has been translated into dozens of languages, including English and Spanish.
The poet was born in the former Soviet Union. His father was a mayor of Kazan in 1937. The communist government disapproved of Aksyonov's criticism, so the party removed his citizenship. Eventually, he and his wife fled the Soviet Union for the United States. After he had moved to the United States, he taught literature and continued to write. In 2004, he moved back to his native Russia.
After regaining his freedom, Aksyonov became a symbol of the last remaining dissident. He was stripped of his Soviet citizenship but became a symbol of modern Russian reality. This resurgence of his fame made his literary output worth reexamining. And while his output is uneven and often brilliant, Aksyonov's work is well worth reading.
Born in Kazan, Aksyonov attended medical school in the 1950s. While there, the KGB kept an eye on his activities, and his mother encouraged him to pursue a medical career. He eventually attended medical school in Leningrad, but he was not motivated by his studies. Instead, he began writing poetry and stories, and read his work to friends at the Leningrad District Youth Club.
Born in Lebedian, Russia, Zamyatin studied naval engineering at the St. Petersburg University and made a living there until the Russian Revolution, which forced him to leave the country. He began writing when he was still a child and retreated into his books after school. His father was a Russian Orthodox priest and school principal, and his mother favored classical music. Zamyatin's first published work, "A Provincial Tale," was published in 1913. His espionage activities earned him the disapproval of Russian emigres, and he continued to write poetry during the Soviet times.
Zamyatin had great success during the early years of the Soviet Union. The poet's reputation grew, and he was soon joined by a group of younger writers in St. Petersburg, who were inspired by his writing. The group was later named the Serapion Brothers and published their poems under his name. Zamyatin was buried at the Cimetiere de Thiais, a suburb of Paris.
After the Russian Revolution, Zamyatin's work was criticized by party-liners and his writing was forbidden to be published. Despite his efforts, his work was translated into French, Czech, and English. Though he was in a good standing in the U.S.S.R., he could not get his works published, and many of his fellow writers were forced to commit suicide. In 1931, he was allowed to emigrate and settled in Paris. He lived there until his death in 1937.
Apart from poetry, Zamyatin also published stories, short pieces, and fables. Many of his stories and short stories are set in small towns in Russia. The stories portray life in a harsh and cruel world. Zamyatin uses impressionistic imagery to portray his characters and their lives. In his short stories, he reveals how people lived their lives in small towns.
There are many reasons to love this book. One of them is that it was written by a writer who loved his country but was unable to leave. His writing reflects the artist's love for his homeland, despite the pressures and stress that surrounded him. It is also a book that may not appear in his own country. While the book is not widely distributed in Russia, it is well worth reading.
The poet and essayist Osip Mandelshtam was born in Russia and lived for nearly half of his life in the former Soviet Union. His poetry has been published throughout the world, including in the United States. His enduring influence can be seen in his reams of poems and essays. Aside from his poems, Mandelshtam was also an important figure in the development of Russian literature.
Born in 1891, Mandelstam's early life was difficult and troubled. His father, a leading leather merchant in St. Petersburg, considered him a philosopher, but his religious beliefs were largely a matter of convenience. Mandelstam's mother, a gifted musician, encouraged his interest in literature. Mandelstam was the oldest child in his family, with two younger brothers. After graduating from high school, he traveled across Western Europe. He spent time in Paris and visited Heidelberg.
After the death of Stalin, Mandelshtam's poetry began to flow again. His first book of poetry was published in 1973, and a two-volume annotated edition by Boris Filippov and Gleb Struve was published in 1964. In spite of his tragic fate, Mandelshtam's poetry remains one of the most frequently quoted poets in the Russian and Former Soviet Union today.
In 1917, Osip Mandelstam was forced into service as a petty officer after the October Revolution. He wrote poems and essays and published a collection of these in 1922 titled "Tristia". Later, he became an outstanding literary critic, translated foreign poetry, and wrote children's stories. Nevertheless, he was a prisoner.
While welcoming the February 1917 revolution, Mandelshtam was highly critical of the October 1917 Bolshevik Revolution. He remained hostile to the Soviet Union after the Revolution, but he eventually made peace and wrote for peace. His "Ode to Stalin" is a Christ-like plea for the 'father of all people' who would accept him. In the same way, he was a victim of the regime's dictum.
Osip Mandelshtam is a prolific poet who lived and worked in the former Soviet Union. His work is not a reflection of contemporary events, but of personal feelings, as well as major philosophical questions of humankind. His works are known for their classical motif and a touch of eternity. A plethora of translations, including those of Mandelstam, are available on the Internet.