Psychological Literary Fiction
Many people associate the genre with Dostoyevsky, Proust, and Joyce, but there are other writers whose works can be considered Psychological Literary Fiction. Below, I've listed a few authors whose work is often considered Psychological Literary Fiction, and why they are worth your time. These writers are well known for portraying everyday failure, but also portraying the human psyche in a way that is very realistic and compelling.
Dostoyevsky's work has been called one of the greatest examples of nineteenth-century Russian literature. The early novels of this author were often categorized as "social tales," and he started out in this genre with his first novel, Poor Folk. Though not an instant success, it was still well-received by critics and the general public. In his next novel, The Double, he gave a sophisticated analysis of the divided human mind. Dostoyevsky's experiments with different forms continued to be evident in the short stories published during this time. His later novels combined Gothic, social, and humoristic elements.
While studying engineering, Dostoyevsky also became acquainted with classic authors and studied Russian and German literature. He discovered that his father had been murdered by serfs and had retreated into seclusion after the death of his mother. He was later diagnosed with epilepsy, and he was forced to study to earn money for his education. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was 13, and his father was killed shortly afterward. Some believe his father was murdered as a form of revenge by his serfs.
Among the greatest psychologists in literature, Dostoyevsky's works are considered to be prophetic and influential in twentieth-century fiction. His characters are often pitted between opposite poles, displaying contradictory dual personalities. As a result, Dostoyevsky's psychological insights have been admired by a wide range of critics. It's not surprising that some critics call Dostoyevsky the father of existentialism.
One of the great mysteries of Proust's life is what motivated him to write this work of psychological literary fiction. While he espoused the ideals of a Christian mystic, he was ambivalent about the physical type of human beings he depicted. His fascination with the human psyche is evidenced by his detailed descriptions of sensation, vitality, and exuberance. Although the narrator was a shy boy, Gilberte reflects the ideals of several girls he knew.
Although the first five volumes of Proust's work were published posthumously in 1905, they remain incomplete. Proust had a difficult time finding a publisher for his work, and gradually changed his conception of the novel. He also shifted focus to a substantially different project, though it still featured many of the themes of the first book. Proust began working on this new work in 1910.
A third type of Proust work is a biography. The author was born into a wealthy and privileged Parisian family, but he was largely unknown to the public prior to the publication of Swann's Way. Before his work was published, he had a vaguely pathetic literary hobby. His early works included aesthetic essays and stories, and he had translated Ruskin's study of the Amiens cathedral. Moreover, he was an ardent Anglophile.
The deterministic plot of "A Painful Case in Point B" is offset by a series of psychological effects. Aristotelian unities, correspondences, nuances, echoes, general interplay, and the 'epiphanic' moment provide the basis for the novel's statement of self. The reader's perspective on the story reaches a 'peak' at which the story's tendencies become clear. The novel's final chapter is an epiphanic moment, when the deterministic plot of the story becomes clear.
The work of Joyce has many layers and nuances. Symbols play an important role in his writing, and the use of them varies across his works. In his prose, Joyce often employs multilayered meaning fabrication to create the illusion of reality. In his psychological literary fiction, Joyce reaches out to modern psychology. His style is also rooted in the diction of Dublin, and he often utilizes Irish slang. In Finnegans Wake, he makes use of many foreign words, and this is especially evident.
In Ulysses, events are not presented chronologically but instead, they occur in association with a character's thoughts. For example, in the novel, the events of Ulysses occur over the course of a 24-hour period in Dublin. This juxtaposition of past and present life evokes associations between the characters' memories. By contrast, Franz Kafka externalized the subjective world; in his novels, events that appear to take place in reality are guided by the subjective logic of dreams.
"Psychological Literary Fiction" highlights the role of psychology in science fiction and fantasy, and engages with a number of Golden Age and New Wave writers. The authors' philosophies and methods of writing are not entirely consistent, however. They draw important parallels between the psychological sciences and psychology. Psychological literary fiction is the product of a unique combination of influences. Psychological literature reflects the changing nature of society.
In Burgess's novels, fundamental questions about human nature and morality are addressed. Although Burgess grew up Catholic, he left the church as a young man but retained an appreciation for Catholic doctrines. While he was interested in many religions, Catholicism exerted the most influence on his morals. In his novels, human beings are shown to be prone to violence.
Although many critics were horrified by the novel's violence and gang violence, the book quickly became a hit. Andy Warhol's Factory adaptation of the book heightened its popularity and brought Burgess international fame. Kubrick's film version, however, cemented Burgess's place in the world of cinema, and the book continues to survive as an important cultural work.
Patricia Highsmith's novel The Woman in Black is perhaps her most famous work of psychological literary fiction. This novel depicts the protagonist's difficult journey home after a long trip away. The plot of her life seems to unravel, and she loses control of the central conflict between love and work. She feels abandoned by those she loves, and the aging body combined with the unfaithfulness of her lovers make her increasingly unhappy. This book is the culmination of Highsmith's own life, and her literary career has come to be recognized as one of the best ever written.
Highsmith's first novel, Strangers on a Train, was published in 1950, two years before the first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders was published by the American Psychiatric Association. The novel played a pivotal role in the shift from the whodunit to the whydunit narrative. Her writing tapped into the tense political climate of the Cold War, and it's easy to find allusions to the conflict. Highsmith took pleasure in playing with fear, and her work was a great response to the events of the Cold War.
Highsmith studied at Barnard College in New York, where she concentrated on composition and playwriting. After graduation, she worked as a scriptwriter for comic books. Her novel Strangers on a Train was immediately successful and was followed by a 1951 film adaptation directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Highsmith now lives in Switzerland with her cat, Charlotte. Highsmith's personal life is just as interesting and compelling as her literary work.
In her novel The Murder Squad, Kate Tartt explores relationships and the power of friendship, as well as the complexities of romantic relationships. Instead of the traditional love triangle, Tartt opts for a messy tangle of relationships. Camilla and Richard are both in love, but Henry ends up dead, and Charles has an incestuous relationship with Camilla's sister. Francis has feelings for Charles, but he denies them.
Whether Tartt is a classicist or a neo-pornographer, she has created a cult following. Tartt's novel is a classic example of the tangled web of relationships that can be found in modern culture. The premise of the novel combines a daydream fantasy of belonging to a wealthy class with the horror of sex. It captures the angst of youth and the desire to fit in and do something of oneself. As a college campus novel, Tartt's story will likely resonate with more readers than many other works.
The Secret History is a work of psychoanalysis, a psychological thriller, and satire. Tartt has incorporated various genres into her novel, including gothic horror, dark academia, and blackly humorous satire. Tartt recognizes the necessity of using horror in literature, and her prose is breathtaking. This novel is an essential read for all fans of the psychological genre. It is the first novel in her highly acclaimed trilogy.
While examining Wharton's work, we can see her use of Gothic narratives and conventions to deal with issues of personal identity and gender. In a Victorian society, the sexual and psychological experiences of women were largely ignored. Wharton defined mental maturity as the ability to face primal terrors. She posited that intellectual honesty was the first test of mental maturity, which requires the courage to see things as they are. In the realm of ideas, society must overcome its fear of truth.
While many writers use social satire to portray their characters, Wharton recasts these stories as highly charged psychological fiction. She also reinvented the concept of the fictional character as inseparable from objects and people. In this way, Wharton captures the feeling of entrapment that comes with living in a society that forces people to compromise themselves. Wharton also makes the reader feel the tension between love and place.
In Ethan Frome, Edith Wharton reveals some of the deeper truths about the human psyche and behavior through her characters. She carries the meaning of human behavior and the human psyche to every detail of her novel, filling it with nuances and reflected symbolism. Her characters' actions are interpreted as a reflection of their own subconscious. In the process, Wharton explores the emotional landscape of the human psyche and the psychology of relationships.