Politics in Portuguese
If you're interested in Brazilian politics, you'll be pleased to know that Portuguese has many parties, too. For example, the Socialist Party is the most popular, and its name is a portmanteau of the words "socialist" and "left." The Social Democratic Party, on the other hand, is the second most popular party in Brazil. There are also parties in Portuguese for women, and the People's Party is the second most popular.
The Socialist Party in Portugal has a long history of socialist rule. Since 1995, the party has failed to push through reforms and run the public finances properly. The government grew in size and the quality of services declined under socialist rule. The IMF predicts the country will grow at 0.8% this year, well below the average of EU-15 countries. This defeat is especially damaging to the working class. In Portugal, socialists are often called the party of the poor, but that is not entirely true.
The Socialist Party in Portugal arose in the 1980s, when the government under Carlos Alberto Mota Pinto was dissolved and new elections were held in October 1985. In the resulting election, the PSD under Cavaco Silva won a parliamentary majority, while the PS returned to opposition. But the Socialist Party has remained active in Portuguese politics since then. Here are some key facts about the party in Portuguese:
The Socialist Party in Portugal has a history of gaining power despite a poor economy. The Socialist Party won a snap election in April, after the prime minister, Antonio Costa, failed to pass the country's budget. However, this happened despite the fact that the party lost support among two smaller parties, including the far-right party Chega. This was a surprise for many, as polls had indicated the Socialist Party would have lost its advantage.
The Portuguese Democratic Party's policies focused on economic growth, reduced taxes, and a flat income tax. However, the party also supported university loans, while rejecting social benefits in most cases. They also supported a 6 percent VAT on housing construction and the repeal of some taxes on the purchase of homes. And they defended the privatisation of public companies. A snap election could also result in a coalition between the Socialist Party and the Portuguese Communist Party.
The Socialist Party in Portugal was founded on 19 April 1973. Its militants were from the Portuguese Socialist Action. The Socialist Party is a member of the Socialist International, the Progressive Alliance, and the Party of European Socialism. The Socialist Party has nine members in the European Parliament. The Socialist Party is one of the two major parties in Portuguese politics. But the party has been fighting for the rights of the poor since the 1960s.
Social Democratic Party
The Portuguese Socialist Party and the Social Democratic Party (PSD) formed a grand coalition in the general election of 1985 and won. The coalition won with the support of the CDS-PP and Pedro Passos Coelho. The coalition won 98 seats in the Assembly of the Republic, with the Socialists winning just over thirty percent of the vote. However, the PSD and CDS-PP lost 25 seats in the election, leaving them with a slim majority. Rui Rio, the former Prime Minister, was elected on 13 January 2018 and won a landslide victory.
In 1974, the Socialist Party reformed itself after a split with the Liberal Party. It was renamed PPD, or Partido Popular Democratico, and its headquarters was opened in Largo do Rato, Lisbon. The party's first official congress was held in November 1975, with more than six hundred signatures being submitted to the Supreme Court to be accepted as a legitimate political party. The party was dominated for several decades by the socialist regime of Francisco Sa Carneiro.
The conservatives led Portugal through the most challenging period of the eurozone crisis, with a bailout agreement ending in 2014, and Portugal's unemployment and deficit falling, and the wider European economy starting to recover. The Socialist Party was able to ride the wave of austerity and regain some of its lost ground, but there are also pitfalls for its electoral success. Despite these issues, the Socialist Party was able to rally support from two hard-left parties, the Communist Party and the Left Bloc, despite their inexperience in national government.
The PSD split is a result of internal divisions within the party. The Liberal Initiative (PID) and Socialist Party, both right-wing populists, and the left-wing PPSD and PSDS, which are in opposition, have been affected by internal divisions. The parties have been unable to unite and form a single political party. However, the PSD has managed to survive the split with the help of the PPSD's transversalist faction, Construir Ideias.
The People's Party (PSD) has a history of promoting social policies and defending the interests of the working class. It was founded in 1974 and has been the right-most party in Portuguese parliament. In the 2019 elections, the PSD has secured a majority in parliament, a first for the Portuguese party. The Socialist Party was the last party to enter parliament, and the Portuguese people gave it a warm welcome.
In the last general election, the Portuguese Communist Party and the anti-capitalist Bloco Esquerda voted against the socialist government budget, triggering a general election. This leftist bloc was also opposed to the government's creeping privatisation, lack of funding for the SNS and failure to increase the national minimum wage. They will be at the forefront of anti-racist campaigning in the coming period.
The PSD is a center-right party with liberal and conservative economic positions. Their programme focuses on reducing taxes for businesses, including a reduction in the corporate income tax rate from twenty-one percent to seventeen percent. They are also pushing for the reduction of the VAT in restaurants, a move that will help restaurants recover from the pandemic that is crippling their business. The PS also supports the arts and cultural sector, and has pledged to invest in small bookstores.
The prime minister of Portugal is appointed by the president, and serves in a dual role of head of state and prime minister. The prime minister is the head of government and heads the Portuguese cabinet, known as the Council of Ministers. The government consists of fifteen ministers and forty secretaries of state. They are responsible for regulating the country's economy and ensuring that it has a stable economic future. Its leaders must be honest and trustworthy, but it is not impossible to find a politician who is able to work within the political framework of the country.
PS is the largest opposition party in Portugal. Its progressive policies, including social democracy and pro-European principles, have helped it win the presidency eight times in the modern political period. The party currently has a minority government. It won 108 seats in the most recent parliamentary election. In comparison, the Socialists have formed nine governments since 1975, including four majority ones and three minority governments. However, the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) is the largest party.
The new stage of Portuguese politics has shown the potential of the CDU, which must be strengthened to advance the country's sovereign development and achieve better economic results. With a stronger CDU, the country's political system can move further forward and move away from relying on illusory solutions from abroad, as successive governments have done. Yet, the Portuguese PS and government still believe in these illusory solutions, which do not even touch existing EU policies or Euro-based constraints.
The CDU is a coalition between the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and the Ecologist Party (PEV), which is an environmentalist party. This coalition won 12 seats in the recent 2019 elections, and has been supporting the minority government of the PS since 2015. Jeronimo de Sousa is the current leader of the party. Its ideology is based on anti-capitalism, proletarian internationalism, and environmentalism.
In terms of social policies, the Portuguese Democratic Party has a liberal bent. It has a long history in the Portuguese political system, and is a moderate party that advocates for reducing the size of the Portuguese government while promoting socially progressive policies. Joao Cotrim Figueiredo is the party's leader. Until the recent elections, the CDS-PP was the most conservative party in the Portuguese parliament, but this was lost in the wake of the rise of Chega! and Iniciativa Liberal.
The Portuguese Communist Party is the most prominent political party in the country, but it also has a strong social presence in the country. Its deputies vote in favor of euthanasia and abortion and support many pro-LGBT laws. The CDU is not as liberal as other major center-right parties, but its main proposals include cutting the deficit and privatizing TAP. In the most recent elections, Rui Rio's PSD won one seat, but polling suggests that it will gain ground in the future.
In the Portuguese elections, the Socialist Party is expected to win the most seats, but will fail to secure a majority. The Socialist Party is the largest party in Portuguese Parliament, but it cannot form a coalition because it lacks a majority. A minority government is less stable than a majority government. A vote of no-confidence brought down the PSD government after the 2015 elections. The Portuguese people's Party, which had ruled for seven years, was forced to leave office after a vote of no confidence.