Best Political Philosophy in 2022

Is Political Philosophy a Science?

The question of whether politics is a science is one of the most difficult questions of all. Political Philosophy has many contributors, including Epicurus, Aristotle, Friedrich Hayek, and Herbert Marcuse. These thinkers differ in their approach to political questions, but all of them share a common goal. In this article, we will examine the contributions of these four thinkers and the nature of their political philosophy. A quick review of each philosopher's philosophy of government can be found below.


Epicurus' political philosophy is highly influential in modern European politics. He believes that power should be based on governing human passions rather than on rationality. Hence, a political philosophy based on Epicurean ideas is essential for the future of European democracy. According to Roecklein, Machiavelli was heavily influenced by Epicurean ideas. Roecklein argues that Machiavelli took the notion of accident from the Epicurean tradition and made it a defining principle of modern society.

The main idea of Epicurus' philosophy is that we are made up of atoms. Thus, nothing is without atoms. Furthermore, bodies are composed of a series of atoms and can only be divided into smaller ones. Moreover, this division cannot continue indefinitely. Hence, Epicurus believed that there are basic building blocks of matter, called atoms. These atoms are uncuttable. As such, only bodies exist per se.

While discussing the role of atoms, Epicurus also discussed the concept of nature and free causality. In this work, he modified Democritus' mechanical theory of causes. Unlike Democritus, he believed that an atom consists of an infinite number of minima. He also believed in the infinity of the universe and its equilibrium of all forces. Moreover, he believed in the existence of gods and immortal natures.

A central point of Epicurus' political philosophy is the nature of human desire. He argues that the world is made up of three types of atoms: natural but non-necessary, and "vain and empty" desires. For example, the natural and necessary desires of humans are food and shelter. As such, the human being should strive to satisfy these two types of desires. Otherwise, the political system would merely be a hollow and immaterial construct.


Aristotle's political philosophy is one of the oldest known works of philosophy, and it is one of the most influential and controversial. Aristotle's method of discussion has been described as "dialectic reasoning," which involves considering different viewpoints and arguments to arrive at a consensus. The resulting arguments are then evaluated for their merits and weaknesses. In his Topics, Aristotle also discusses the importance of reasoning.

Aristotle's political philosophy focuses on the importance of the rule of law in society. He says that the rule of law and order are interrelated. Democracy requires a centralized government to implement laws, and tyranny requires absolute control over the economy. Both are essential for the well-being of a country, but Aristotle stresses the importance of individual freedom to protect the interests of all citizens.

Aristotle discusses a mixture of democracy and oligarchy. In a polity, the ruling group consists of many individuals who make decisions for the political community. The problem with democracy is that the majority of people are exploited by the few. Ultimately, the most desirable political system is the one that allows the most people to enjoy the fruits of their labor. It is this combination that makes Aristotle's political philosophy so influential today.

While Aristotle's political philosophy is based on the principles of geometry, he does not entirely condemn wealth. It is necessary to maintain the household and to cultivate virtue. For example, generosity cannot exist without possessions. Therefore, wealth should be pursued primarily for the purpose of living a virtuous life, not for its own sake. Aristotle also believes that there should be multiple hierarchies in nature, with lower animals under the command of higher animals.

Herbert Marcuse

Herbert Marcuse's political philosophy is of particular interest today, as authoritarian tendencies are still prevalent in most areas of public life, including the family and educational institutions. The biggest step towards liberalizing German society from below is the democratization of these institutions. However, such a project is still far off. Marcuse himself acknowledges that his political philosophy does not guarantee social progress. Moreover, it has been accused of promoting totalitarianism.

Friedrich Hayek

Friedrich Hayek's political philosophy is a liberal one. In his book, The Constitution of Liberty, he outlines an expansive view of government. He argues that we should base our political choices on the principles of freedom, including individual rights and property. The philosopher also makes distinctions between classical liberalism and conservatism. This article will examine Hayek's political philosophy and its impact on the political world.

In Hayek's political philosophy, the central economic problem is to organize dispersed knowledge. Different people have different purposes, knowledge, and knowledge is localized and transitory. This problem is compounded by the fact that we do not know where the information we do have comes from. Thus, we must find ways to organize this knowledge, so that it is useful for all of us and can be shared fairly.

Hayek's political philosophy advocates the use of free market principles and warns against governmental planning and economic forecasting. Hayek argues that state communism will never match the productivity of free enterprise. Though his arguments were ridiculed at the time, his views were subsequently vindicated by the collapse of state communism in Eastern Europe, China, and the Soviet Union. And even though he died young, the world he created has not stopped evolving.

In 1947, Hayek extended his influence to the Alps. He convened a meeting of 36 intellectuals at the Swiss spa of Mont Pelerin. The meeting became known as the Mont Pelerin Society, and he continued to meet in various locations. These meetings provided a framework for debates on his philosophical approach. This broader audience would influence his political philosophy and his own ideas on economic growth.

John Dewey

The political philosophy of John Dewey was based on a description of human experience, not a purely political one. Dewey viewed politics as an extension of human biology, a branch of science that focuses on the emergence of living things. Dewey argued that the emergence of human communities can be explained by studying the origins of human association and its current status. He believed that politics is a natural part of human life and that it must be understood in this context.

Dewey's political philosophy is largely unstructured, written over a long period of time and spread across numerous contexts. Despite its ramifications, John Dewey remained a prominent voice in political philosophy. His political philosophy supported social reforms that increased the rights of workers, including the right to organize unions and strike, and extended democratic control to the workplace. In addition, his writings have helped revolutionize educational systems and encouraged critical thinking.

While John Dewey's political philosophy is generally controversial, the general themes of his work have reverberated in contemporary discussions. In a recent paper, Richard Rorty, a self-described 'neopragmatist', has extended many Deweyan themes to make political theory more accessible. In his book Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979), Rorty makes arguments against foundationalist tendencies in contemporary philosophy. He argues that a democracy is not the rule of the majority, but a system that promotes the well-being of all members.

Dewey's political philosophy is a rich meditation on democracy. It addresses the question of how democracy can be preserved and strengthened in a time of mass communication, governmental bureaucracy, and social complexity. In addition to these considerations, Dewey argues that civic participation is the most important way to ensure that citizens are representative of the public interest. In the long run, this approach to politics can help improve democracy.

Alex Burnett

Hello! I’m Alex, one of the Managers of Account Development here at Highspot. Our industry leading sales enablement platform helps you drive strategic initiatives and execution across your GTM teams. I’ve worked in the mobile telecoms, bookselling, events, trade association, marketing industries and now SaaS - in B2B, B2C. new business and account management, and people management. Personal interests include music, trainers (lots of trainers) and basically anything Derren Brown can do - he’s so cool! I also have my own clothing line, Left Leaning Lychee - we produce limited edition t-shirts hand printed in East London. You will not find any sales figures and bumph like that on here... this is my story, what I learnt, where, and a little bit of boasting (I am only human, aye)! If you want to know more, drop me a line.

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