Parenting & Relationships in Arabic
Parents play a vital role in the development of a child's emotional development, and Arab children tend to accept authoritarian and aggressive parenting styles. Male children are often subjected to more physical punishment than their female counterparts. Firstborn Arab children are usually given the most parental attention, and fathers report having a closer bond with their sons than their daughters. Despite the varying treatment of children in Arab culture, they generally receive the same level of parental attention.
While the Arab world is an advocate of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, there are currently no specific laws or culturally appropriate scales to assess the prevalence of child abuse in families. This lack of explicit legislation results in a high rate of child abuse in the Arab world. Because of this lack of standardized measures, research into abusive parenting in the Arab world has been limited. In this study, researchers created the Arabic Parenting Style Questionnaire (APSQ) to fill this cultural gap.
The APSQ includes seven items relating to abusive parenting behaviors and the discouragement of children's expression. The items that score high on both of these factors are known as the "Abuse and Encouragement" subscale. The original Arabic version of the questionnaire can be accessed on request. It is available in Arabic, French, and English. While this research has only a small sample size, it has already been validated in Arabic.
The first step in translating the APSQ was to determine whether or not the APSQ instrument was valid and reliable in Arabic. The Arabic-Lebanese sample included 350 caregivers. A study conducted by Al Abduwani and colleagues revealed that the Arabic version was comparable to the original. This suggests that the Arab/Lebanese sample contains a significantly higher rate of abusive parenting. The findings of this study also indicate that abusive parenting is associated with lower levels of child maltreatment and poorer parenting quality.
APSQ data from Studies 1 and 2 are similar and are presented together for comparison. The subscales of the APSQ were analyzed using factor analysis. Results show that abuse and encouragement are negatively correlated with each other. Interestingly, the two scales have different levels of abuse. A higher level of abuse is associated with less encouragement, and vice versa. Similarly, the low level of abuse does not necessarily translate into better outcomes.
The authors of the study also examined the role of bystanders and strangers in abusive relationships. Both children and adults in the family witness abuse. This is particularly harmful in families where both parents are educated. However, this is not the case in Arab families. The results were contradictory, but it is important to remember that abusive behavior can be present in both public and private spaces. A study comparing abuse and bystanders in the Arabic-speaking world shows that authoritarian parenting may not be as harmful as commonly assumed.
Early research suggests that parental authoritarianism is less harmful in Arab countries than it is in the West. Although the effect sizes of these correlations are small, they are consistent with findings from Arab countries. Furthermore, parental encouragement of children's expression was correlated with positive psychological outcomes. This finding is consistent with the results of other studies. In addition, parental authoritarianism is associated with lower child well-being.
The primary goal of the study was to validate a new tool for measuring parental behavior in Arab populations and examine its relationships to existing measures of well-being. We hypothesized that encouragement is positively associated with child well-being and that abuse was negatively associated with it. The researchers developed a seven-item Arabic Parenting Style Questionnaire to measure parental encouragement in Saudi Arabian families. Adult participants were asked to answer three items regarding abuse and three questions concerning encouragement.
Interestingly, Arabic culture has a similar emphasis on nurturing family relationships. While the Arab culture relies heavily on family support, the mother-child relationship in the Arab world has more emphasis on problem-solving and stress management. Various studies of both Arab youth and African Americans have shown that mother-child relationships are positive and healthy throughout adolescence. This may be because of cultural differences. For example, more educated fathers may encourage nurturing strategies that keep family honor.
This study used a prospective study design with dual assessments of mother-child relationships. The results of the study also included dual assessments of adolescents' behavior problems. While questionnaires can be helpful for generalizing findings, they do not provide evidence of reciprocal relations between father and child. This information is crucial to developing effective and nuanced interventions in this context. Also, the study sample was limited to three years, which limits their generalizability.
Arab parents fail to notice signs of mental illness among their children. Instead, they try to dismiss them as being the fault of lack of faith or moral values. As a result, many kids grow up unaware of the psychological problems they are facing and are afraid to seek help. Moreover, many Arab parents continue to nestle their children well into adulthood, expressing their authority through strict rules and keeping their financial dependence.
Setting healthy boundaries
For parents, the most important part of setting healthy boundaries for parenting and relationships is to discuss them with their children. Providing positive reinforcement for good grades and helping children understand the value of hard work are just two of the many ways to establish healthy boundaries. Parents should be aware of overstepping their boundaries to avoid unnecessary confrontations. They should also be sensitive to overstepping their limits so that they can maintain a harmonious relationship with their children.
While many Arab parents do not notice signs of mental illness, the majority of parents undermine such symptoms by claiming that their children lack faith. This often leads to an ostracizing environment in which kids grow up not understanding their psychological problems, and they are too embarrassed to seek help. Arab parents continue to nestle their children into their adult years, often expressing their authority through strict rules and maintaining financial dependence on them.
Muslim parents may disagree, but the purpose of viewing boundaries in a multicultural context is to stop promoting one dominant culture's idea of healthy boundaries. If you speak Arabic with a Muslim parent, you will likely encounter the same issues. If they argue, you must be sensitive to their feelings and keep them in perspective. If you cannot handle an argument, you should seek help. You may also want to seek support from a therapist. The support of a supportive person will help you cope with difficult situations.
Adoption of family morals
"The Islamic approach to the adoption of children is a very important feature of the Arab world," says Octave Pesle, author of "Adoption of Family Morals in the Arab World". In his monograph, Pesle describes adoption's relationship to Islamic law in three parts. Part I addresses adoption in Arabia before Islam and the Islamic West at the turn of the twentieth century. The second part discusses the adoption of children in the Islamic West.
In both Arab and Western societies, children are taught that they are to respect their sisters and relatives. As such, male children are taught to respect and protect their sisters and female relatives. Arab society is a patriarchal one. Fathers are the head of the household, and men have to work outside the home to support the family. This means that the male child is not always the best choice for the mother. Nevertheless, children who grow up with strict parental guidance are likely to be happy and successful in life.
Among Arab family morals, the adoption of a child born out of wedlock is a deviant practice. It is considered a de-based form of parenting, and, therefore, a social stigma. However, this does not necessarily mean moral condemnation. In the Islamic world, adoption practices were widespread and continued unimpeded. This is true even in modern day Morocco. It is an important feature of Islamic family morals to understand the practice of adoption.