Literature & Fiction in Portuguese
In this article I will discuss some of the great writers of Portuguese Literature and Fiction. This article will also cover works by Luis Vaz de Camoes, Antero de Quental, Antonio Tabucchi, and José Saramago. I hope these will help you choose some great Portuguese authors to read! And don't forget to read the Portuguese translations of the novels you love! There's something for every reader, no matter what their background is.
Luis Vaz de Camoes
Literary critics have long noted Camoes's contribution to Portuguese literature. His lyrical poetry, three works of comic theater, and his criticism of injustices throughout his life have been hailed as works of high aesthetic value. Although his work was not fully restored, it was lauded by several important names in European literature and gained increasing prestige among the public. In addition to his many literary works, he is regarded as a renovator of the Portuguese language and has become a reference for the entire international Lusophone community.
In addition to his Portuguese works, Camoes' fame spanned Spain. His Lusiadas were translated into Spanish in the 16th century, and his work was considered so prestigious that two editions appeared the same year he died - in 1580. As a result, Camoes received the honorific title of "Prince of the Spanish poets" in 1580.
The biography of Camoes is sparse, though it is thought he was born around 1524 in Lisbon, during the Portuguese expansion into the East. Camoes was a member of the old aristocracy, which was still well-connected with the grandees of Portugal and Spain. Despite his lack of formal studies, his poetry demonstrates the depth of Portuguese culture.
Antero de Quental
ANTERO DE QUENTAL (1854-1924) was a prominent Portuguese writer, poet, and philosopher. Despite his many accomplishments, he is largely unknown outside of Portugal, where he is best known for the romantic poetry of the Coimbra school. However, his work was influenced by political and social issues of his day, including the collapse of the Portuguese Empire.
Despite his early success, Antero de Quental was troubled by his increasing dissatisfaction with his work. His discontent led him to abandon many projects and to tear up his earlier works. Eventually, he developed spinal disease, which only provided temporary relief. His subsequent years of calm led him to write some of his most famous sonnets. In 1881, he moved to Vila do Conde, a town near Porto. He adopted two orphan girls and eventually committed suicide in Ponta Delgada.
While his later works were more traditional, he still attacked hidebound formalism in Portuguese literature. From 1865 until 1871, he waged a war against the older literary generation with a series of democratic lectures at the Casino in Lisbon. In doing so, Quental dealt a devastating blow to the Romantic movement. The results of this battle were profound. Despite this, Antero de Quental was also a poet and a critic.
Italian-born Antonio Tabucchi was a prolific author of Italian novels, poetry, and non-fiction. He was also a founding member of the International Parliament of Writers, taught Portuguese language and literature at the University of Siena, and contributed articles to the Italian daily Corriere della Sera. His first novel, Piazza d'Italia, explored history through the eyes of three generations of Tuscan anarchists.
His second book, Donna di Porto Pim e altre storie, was published in Portugal a year after it was released in Italy. It's a collection of short stories, and the protagonist, Spino, struggles to learn who he is by facing his reflection in a mirror. A 1993 film adaptation starring Marcello Mastroianni and Teresa Amorim-Alvarez stars in Tabucchi's works.
Although Italian, Antonio Tabucchi is popular in Portugal and widely translated throughout Europe. His elegant short stories and novels pack a lot of meaning into a few pages. His work is deeply political, and often deals with social injustice. He is a highly relevant contemporary writer. But it's not for everyone. If you're looking for a Portuguese-language novel with an Italian flair, try out his third novel, Time Ages in a Hurry
Requiem is an exceptional work by Antonio Tabucchi. Written in Portuguese, Requiem is a classic of contemporary Portuguese literature. The novel is set in Lisbon and features a cast of characters. The protagonist's personal experiences in Lisbon are intricately connected to his book's theme. But it's the novel that really brings Tabucchi's work to life.
The late Jose Saramago began writing novels in his fifties, though he had already published op-ed columns and the occasional collection of poetry. His works were characterized by inventiveness and a strong sense of social commentary. In the mid-nineteenth century, Saramago's work was praised by Andrew Miller as "clear-eyed, compassionate, and wise." His later works, such as All the Names and Blindness, earned Saramago respect from critics and readers and helped him win the Nobel Prize for literature.
Born into poverty, Saramago spent his early years in Lisbon working as a metalworker, mechanic, and translator. In his thirties, he married Ilda Reis, an artist and typist who eventually divorced him. The couple had a daughter, Violante, in 1947. Saramago then joined the Portuguese Communist Party, and published several volumes of poetry. He also worked for a newspaper in Lisbon during the overthrow of then-President Antonio Salazar, which resulted in an anti-communist backlash. Saramago continued to work as a translator and journalist until his retirement in 1989.
Saramago met Ilda Reis in his early twenties and married her in 1944. Later, Saramago joined the Communist Party, where he became an official. Later, he became the first Portuguese writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. His work attracted worldwide attention, and in 1998, he became the first writer to receive this honor. In a statement after winning the prize, Saramago thanked all writers who wrote in Portuguese.
Despite its English subtitle, Deborah Lawrenson's Literature et Fiction in Portugese is a novel in the original language. The author of 300 Days of Sun, several novels, and history, Lawrenson brings Lisbon to life in this gripping, multi-layered novel. Set during World War II, Lisbon was a dazzling, vibrant city on the River Tagus, but many Portuguese people faced uncertainty during this turbulent time.
A native of England, Lawrenson studied English at Cambridge and then spent some time as a journalist in London. She now lives in Kent with her family and spends time in a crumbling hamlet in Provence. Her novels have won awards and have won the Costa Book Prize and the prestigious Man Booker prize. Deborah Lawrenson's Literature & Fiction in Portuguese includes The Lantern, 300 Days of Sun, and a translation of her novel 'The Lantern'.
Joanna Millard has traveled to Lisbon to study the language and break free from her unhappy relationship. She meets Nathan Emberlin, a man who believes he was one of the stolen children twenty years ago. Nathan recommends that Joanna read a fictional novel about two women who met while living in Portugal during World War II. The two women must unravel secrets that connect the two stories, and it's an adventure in itself.
The Portuguese language has long been associated with poets, writers, and playwrights, and Garrett was one of the most important of them. Although he had studied law at the University of Coimbra, Garrett's career in the arts took off when he began to write plays. Although he was a staunch liberal, his political views ultimately led him into exile in England. His political and literary views, however, have made him an important figure in Portuguese literature.
Garrett was a figurehead of the nationalistic Romanticism movement in Portugal and invented a new genre, known as nationalistic Romanticism. His work often deals with themes of exile, especially those relating to exile. He spent most of his life outside of Portugal, spending time in France and England. His early novels, Camoes and Dona Branca, are considered the first Romantic works of Portuguese literature. His historical novel O Arco de Santana was inspired by Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
Garrett's literary career has spanned several centuries. Her work spans poetry, fiction, and non-fiction. She was born in Porto and moved around due to the conflict in Europe. She began to write patriotic hymns during the 1820s, but was afraid of repercussions for her role in the Portuguese Revolution and hid in England for years. Garrett died in 1865 at age 70.