James Lord Museums & Collections
The museum is named after the wealthy Liverpool wool broker, James Lord Bowes, who also loved Japanese art. He began collecting Japanese artwork in the 1860s and shared his passion for the country with the architect George Ashdown Audsley, who later designed the Streatlam Tower. His passion for Japanese art led to his appointment as Honorary Japanese Consul in Liverpool. In 1899, the museum was opened in his honor, and the Bowes family were among the first to exhibit Japanese art in the western world.
James Stanley, Lord Strange, Earl of Derby
James Stanley, Lord Strange, Earl of Derby was an English nobleman and politician who supported the Royalist cause during the English Civil War. He was known as Lord Strange before inheriting his title, which he assumed in 1642. In addition to being an English noble, he was also the feudal Lord of the Isle of Man. Here is a brief biography of Stanley. The full biography can be found in a separate article on Stanley.
James Stanley was born at Knowsley, Lancashire, to William and Elizabeth de Vere. He was the eldest son of the sixth Earl of Derby, William. His mother, Elizabeth de Vere, died when he was a child, leaving him an orphan. In 1626, Stanley married Charlotte de la Tremoille, daughter of the Duke of Thouars and granddaughter of William the Silent, Prince of Orange. At the time, the Elector Palatine attended the marriage. After the marriage, Stanley was the seventh Earl of Derby and hereditary Lord of the Isle of Man.
In 1625, Strange was elected to Parliament as the representative of Liverpool, and was created a Knight of the Bath on the occasion of the coronation of Charles I. Later, he became a joint Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, Cheshire, and Chester. In 1627, Strange also aided the administration of the Isle of Man. In 1628, he was appointed Lord of Mann and lord-lieutenant of North Wales. He was also called up to the House of Lords as Baron Strange in 1632.
The 7th Earl of Derby was William Cecil. Stanley succeeded Cecil in the earldom on 29 September 1642. He was then involved in a besiege of Manchester, which he was forced to abandon in October. He then concentrated his forces around Preston, Wigan, and Warrington, and gradually fell under Parliamentarian control in Lancashire and Cheshire. He was finally beheaded at Whalley Abbey on 15 October 1651. His remains were buried in the Derby chapel of Ormskirk church.
James Stanley, Lord Strange, Earl of Derby was a descendant of King Henry VII, and was a member of one of the most powerful families in Britain. His wife, Charlotte de La Tremoille, was the granddaughter of William of Orange and the Count of Thouars. She was related to the prominent Protestant defenders of English Protestantism and was dressed in orange in recognition of her Orange heritage.
Although his father and brother had been adamantly opposed to King Charles' Laudian reforms in the Anglican church, he remained loyal to the king. He raised troops in Lancashire during the Bishops' Wars (1639-40), and was impeached in the House of Commons. In 1640, he was impeached for treason. Strange had been trying to broker a truce between Parliamentarians and Royalists in the north-west, which aroused suspicion among the King's advisers.
James Lord Bowes
Located in Barnard Castle, County Durham, the James Lord Bowes Museum has one of the largest collections of European art in the North East of England. Established in the 1860s by John Bowes and his French wife, Josephine, the museum is dedicated to the decorative arts. Ceramics are particularly important to the museum's collections. Bowes died in 1899. The collection is on display at the museum until June 2011.
Before his death in 1899, James Lord Bowes immersed himself in Liverpool's commercial life and was a member of the Liverpool Art Club. He commissioned the Streatlam Tower, designed by George Ashdown Audsley, and collected Japanese art as far back as 1867. His interest in Japanese art led him to co-author two books, Descript Catalogue of the Bowes Collection and The Keramic Art of Japan.
In addition to his books, Bowes was interested in Japanese culture and founded the first Japanese museum in the United Kingdom. He was dispersed in his later life but continued to promote Japanese culture in Liverpool. In his book, James Lord Bowes traces the history of the original Bowes Museum, which lasted just ten years before it was dispersed. Throughout the book, the author tries to reconstruct the nature of the original Bowes Museum.
James Lord Bowes' collection of Japanese art
James Lord Bowes was an English wool broker, patron of the arts and a keen scholar of Japanese art. He began collecting Japanese art in the 1860s and later opened a museum dedicated to Japanese art in Liverpool. Bowes was the first foreign Japanese Consul in Great Britain and is regarded as one of the most influential figures in the British reception of Japanese art during the Victorian era. In his book, he explores the history and legacy of Bowes' collection of Japanese art.
Unfortunately, Bowes died five years after opening the museum in Barnard Castle. Commentators in London wondered what exactly the Bowes' collection held. In 1888, F.Bury Palliser reviewed George Audsley's Notes on Japanese art and incorrectly stated that illustrations were from the Bowes collection. He mistakenly assumed that the collection was largely Japanese in character. This misunderstanding led to many critics to mistake Bowes' Japanese art collection as predominantly Japanese.
Bowes was the youngest of six children. His parents, John and Elizabeth Lord, were merchants. They later moved to Liverpool. Bowes' family was largely prosperous. James Lord Bowes' collection of Japanese art reflects the wealth of his family. He wrote extensively on Japanese cloisonne and dated the objects in his collection. He also had strong views on history, placing many objects in the eighteenth and seventeenth centuries. His views on Japanese art were strongly opposed by many contemporaries. However, his relationship with Yasuyuki made him more approachable and willing to meet western collectors.
Throughout his life, Mr. Bowes wrote several acclaimed books about Japanese ceramics and enamels. In his book, Keramic Art of Japan, he chronicles the development of Japanese art from its earliest forms to its brilliant peaks in the early nineteenth century. His books have been invaluable primary sources for art historians and students. Many of these books are illustrated in full colour, making them ideal for study.