Best Jainism in 2022

Jainism - The Basics

Jainism is an ancient Indian religion that traced its spiritual ideas and history through a succession of twenty-four Tirthankaras. Each one is said to be an incarnation of the divine. The tradition is widely practiced, with many branches of Jainism. Nevertheless, many questions remain regarding this religion, including its origins and how it has evolved. For these reasons, we've outlined a few fundamentals about this ancient religion.

Vaishnavism

One of the most widely practiced Indian religions is Hinduism, and Vaishnavism in particular represents the majority of the Hindu world. Hinduism is notoriously complex, accepting many conflicting views. In fact, two thirds of the Hindu population belong to the Vaishnavite tradition. However, there is considerable diversity within the Jain religion, as well. The following are some of its differences.

Krishnaism was born from the merging of a cowherd community in the 4th century CE. It then developed into various subsects and sects, with a focus on bhakti, which is closely related to south Indian religion. Among its other differences, Vaishnavism identifies itself with Jainism in many aspects. Nonetheless, it differs from Jainism in many ways, and the difference between Vaishnavism and Jainism is significant.

Anekantavada

The doctrine of anekantavada is an attempt by Jainism to promote equality in society, tolerance for different views, and philosophical elucidation of reality. Jainism maintains that reality is multi-dimensional and cannot be grasped in its fullest form through the senses. As a result, it is important to respect the views of others while maintaining your own values and principles.

The Anekantavada is the central philosophical principle of Jainism. It maintains that the universe is multifaceted, and no single point of view can capture the complete truth. This belief is closely related to the doctrine of subjectivism in the Western philosophy. It also posits that the only people who have infinite knowledge are the 'Kevalis'. The term 'anekantavada' has many different meanings. In the western context, it's commonly translated as non-absolutism.

Svetambara

The branches of Jainism are the Vtmbara and Digambara. Vtmbara is a branch of Jainism that is white-clad. Like the Digambara, vtmbara ascetics dress in white, but there are many differences between the two. Read on to find out more about the differences between these two branches of Jainism.

The Svetambara canon was compiled between 980 and 993 CE, and includes all of Mahavira's teachings, as well as all the texts of successive councils. Although these texts have long been considered a part of Jainism, the actual dates of their compilation are unknown. The texts are largely anonymous and the names of the authors are only known by a select few.

Most religions have holy writings that lay out the principles and practices of their faith. In Jainism, the Svetambara sect follows the teachings of all the Jinas, especially Mahavira, the 24th. While all Jains believe in the writings of Mahavira, some groups argue about which parts of them are missing. These differences are evident in the Svetambara's stance towards the sacred writings.

Digambara

According to the Digambara tradition, Jains renounce clothing and take only the natural environment and the four directions as their clothing. In addition, Shvetambaras wear only two pieces of white cloth. These monks believe that they are omniscient, and so they need no food to survive. The Digambaras disagree with these beliefs, and the two sects split into smaller subsects.

The Digambara sect traces its history to the fourth century BCE. It is notable for its abstinence from clothing. Its followers believe that a perfect saint does not need food or clothing, and women are not capable of progressing as fast as men. This distinction has caused controversy among these groups, and the Digambara tradition has long been considered an enlightened way of life.

Sallekhana

The 'vow of sallekhana' is an ascetic vow taken by some Jains. It involves denying oneself food and water for a certain length of time - usually a lifetime - with the intention of lightening the soul. It also involves renouncing material possessions and offering an apology for any wrongdoing. The 'vow' is not a universal practice - some Jains follow it for a period of one to ten years, while others do it for less than that.

Unlike the'religious vow' in other religions, Sallekhana is difficult to perform in the modern world. It requires a strong conviction in the separation of soul and body and is not for everyone. For this reason, it is only performed by highly-purged individuals. They must have a pure mind and body, and renounce their possessions to fulfill this vow. They must also greet death with joy, and not with apprehension.

Non-violence

While many religions promote non-violence, Jainism has a unique view of this important concept. The doctrine of Jainism rejects the idea of intentional violence, except in self-defense. However, this does not mean that all violence is against human beings or animals. Jain doctrine does acknowledge the value of violence when it is used for the sake of achieving a noble purpose. Here are some examples of instances of non-violence in Jainism.

First, a person practicing non-violence must practice self-control. Whether it be through penance, meditation, or other forms of spiritual practice, the individual must maintain self-control. For instance, the non-violence person should practice compassion toward the afflicted and the ill-behaved. Finally, the non-violent person should refrain from slaughtering living beings or engaging in intoxicating practices. This includes avoiding industrial, agricultural, and butchering activities, as well as being a part of karma bondage.

Multiplicity of viewpoints

In Jainism, the idea of pluralism is emphasized, especially in its core teachings of nonviolence, nonpossessiveness, and the sanctity of all life. In addition, Jainism emphasizes caring for the environment and others. In the United States, approximately 150,000 Jains are active. Several Jain temples are located throughout the state. To learn more about Jainism and its philosophy, check out the website below.

The philosophy of Jainism is based on the doctrine of Sapta-bhang, or the'multiplicity of viewpoints'. It explains that no judgment or affirmation is absolute, but rather, 'true' in a limited way. It identifies seven different modes of judging reality. Jainism's seven-fold Judgment, Sapta-bhang-Naya, also called the 'doctrine of may-be', is a classic example of this doctrine.

Mahavira

The image of Mahavira in Jainism depicts him as a dual god, having attained omniscience and unobstructed bliss, and taking on human and animal form before resuming his heavenly form. His symbol is a lion, which is stamped or carved beneath his feet. During his reincarnation, Mahavira attained Kevala Jnana, or unlimited energy, and became a Jina, or omniscient.

Mahavira is the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, and the spiritual successor of Parshvanatha. He was born into a royal Jain family in ancient India, and his parents were lay devotees of the great master. At the age of thirty, Mahavira abandoned all of his worldly possessions and devoted himself to intense meditation, which resulted in the attainment of Kevala Jnana, or omniscience.

Vardhamana

Vardhamana was born into a royal family. His parents were a rich caste. As a prince, he grew up in luxury. However, when he was thirty years old, he decided to abandon his throne and become a hermit in the woods. After twelve years of fasting and meditation, he achieved omniscience. After that, he preached his religion and founded his own school.

The philosophies of Jainism and Buddhism were similar. They both sought to address the problem of suffering associated with repeated births and deaths. The jinas defined "karma" as "matter that causes suffering." Vardhamana equated karma with pollution and emphasized the necessity of performing penance to remove this bane. It is therefore a good idea to avoid the negative effects of the karma you create in this life.



Rachel Gray

In July 2021 I graduated with a 2:1 BA (Hons) degree in Marketing Management from Edinburgh Napier University. My aim is to work in book publishing, specifically in publicity, or to specialise in branding or social media marketing. I have 6 years of retail experience as for over 5 years I was a Customer Advisor at Boots UK and I now work as a Bookseller in Waterstones. In my spare time, I love to read and I run an Instagram account dedicated to creating and posting book related content such as pictures, stories, videos and reviews. I am also in the early stages of planning to write my own book as I also enjoy creative writing.

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