Women in the History of Technology & Engineering
Women played a significant role in the history of technology. In fact, from the earliest human periods, they were the main gatherers, processors, and storers of plant food. Then, as humans became more civilized and industrialized, their contributions to technology and engineering were enormous. In this article, we'll discuss the history of women's technological contributions and their role in colonial life. Also, we'll consider Native American technologies that influenced colonial society.
Women were amongst the first technologists
In addition to being one of the first technologists in history, women have had a significant impact on technology as well. For example, Stephanie Shirley, a woman born in Germany, founded Freelance Programmers in 1962. She subsequently became the first CEO of a technology company and made it a household name. While still in its infancy, she managed to convince universities to incorporate a search bar into their websites.
A few decades later, the U.S. Army hired women to program its ENIAC computer. This computer was the first all-electronic, programmable machine. In fact, a shortage of male engineers resulted in the hiring of women to fill these jobs. In addition to programming, women also played a crucial role in the prehistory of computing, operating the first computational machines at Bletchley Park in Britain during World War II. Women represented one in four programmers in the United States in 1960. Women were even recruited to work on projects like the UNIVAC.
Another important women leader in the history of technology and engineering was Annie J. Easley. As the first woman to obtain a Ph.D. in mathematics at Yale University, she then became a computer programmer and project manager for IBM. She worked on computer software for the Project Mercury and Apollo programs. Later, she returned to IBM as a senior mathematician and advocated for STEM education.
Today, women are prominent figures in many fields, from the design of the internet to the creation of Kevlar. Her inventions have made history. Her computer programme design inspired generations of computer engineers. As a result, Currys PC World is celebrating eight women superheroes in the field of STEM. Each woman has a fascinating story to tell and has a lasting legacy. The history of technology and engineering is full of remarkable women. If you're interested in learning more about these women and their contributions to the industry, don't hesitate to contact us! Our team is here to help you.
Katherine Johnson, a woman who became one of the first engineers in the history of technology and engineering, was an engineer who helped NASA calculate the flight path of its first human space mission. Katherine Johnson was born in 1918 and became a "human computer" for NASA, performing critical calculations needed for safe space travel from the 1950s onward. In the 1960s, she helped NASA confirm the accuracy of electronic computers. She also co-wrote a report about space flight and helped perform a trajectory analysis of the first human spacecraft, John Glenn.
Women were the main gatherers, processors, and storers of plant food from earliest human times
A study from the Sierra Nevada in California looks at the storage food preferences of prehistoric hunter-gatherers. The study shows that the shift from a nomadic lifestyle to a semi-sedentary one caused conflict between foraging and childcare, and the women's storage economy allowed them to meet their childcare obligations. This study demonstrates the importance of considering issues beyond caloric returns when studying how humans evolved.
The findings of the study were validated in the field by comparing samples collected from the four regions to subjects' interviews. They were matched to the samples' sex, age, and health status. In addition, the samples were matched with data on the sex of the participants, as the results of some samples were not representative of the age group. The project was approved by the Ethik-Kommission of the University of Leipzig and the Tanzanian Commission for Science and Technology on 29 May 2012.
The seasonal variations of plant-based food supply were huge. Early humans relied on readily digestible carbohydrates like sugar and starch. They also used scavenging for food, which may have been a major contributor to their diets. The GM of Hadza women was also adapted to the increase in plant-based diets, which challenges traditional ideas about the digestive capacity. Despite the high proportion of plant-based foods in Hadza culture, the GM of women is differentially adapted to food intake. This results in a dramatic break from traditional theories about the digestive capacity of women. This constraint on reproduction and brain growth is particularly striking.
In addition to foraging, the Utah Ache project also collected data about time allocation and consumption. These data show that the Ache lived in shifting camps almost every day. The forests contained streams, and there was no need to tether to water points. The settlements were small and were only occupied for brief periods of time. The fires they built were not very large and were only used to shelter when it rained, making it easy to monitor individual activities.
Native American technologies influenced colonial life
Some of the earliest European explorers were impressed by the inventions of Native Americans, including the kayak, protective goggles, analgesics, and genetically modified food crops. Despite this influence, these technologies didn't become widespread until the 1850s, when Alexander Wood invented a syringe made of hollow bird bones and began injecting morphine into patients. Christopher Columbus' explorations of the New World also revealed that natives lived in hammocks, which were made of cotton netting and suspended between two trees. This invention spread to the Europeans, and they began sleeping in them on their merchant ships.
The early colonists had the advantage in firearms, but this was short-lived, as Indians began to gather and build up arsenals after the arrival of European settlers. When European settlers arrived, they found that these natives had European guns. The state had no way to prevent them from acquiring these weapons. Native Americans had little control over their own fate, which meant that the colonists were forced to deal with them in their attempts to settle the land.
Early English settlers faced numerous challenges during the early settlement of the New World. These settlers lacked resources, but they hoped to build better lives for their families. While the colonists were often at a disadvantage in terms of technology, they did learn to use metal utensils, textiles, and firearms. These technologies helped the colonists survive in the New World, although the natives were not as adept at balancing the European advantages of modernization, such as a common written language and exchange system.
While these European innovations astonished the indigenous people, their use of a bow and arrow and the use of a bow and arrow were still highly valued by Native Americans. In addition to being used for hunting and warfare, they were also prized for their pyrotechnic effect. During the King Philip's War, Ninigret faced a dilemma that he had to resolve.
Inventors, entrepreneurs, and engineers played crucial roles in the industrialization of America
The era following the Civil War was marked by significant growth, especially in manufacturing. The Embargo Act of 1807, which slowed the export of American goods and limited the import of British products, created a need for domestic production. The War of 1812 further complicated communication, resulting in a shortage of raw materials for manufacturing. Inventors, entrepreneurs, and engineers played critical roles in the industrialization of America.
The underrepresentation of Black inventors and engineers perpetuates a cycle of exclusion and underrepresentation in the fields of science and technology. Young minds that are exposed to innovators are likely to grow up to be innovators themselves, but if they are never nurtured, they may end up being "lost Einsteins." The importance of racial and gender diversity in the invention-based industries cannot be overstated.
The late nineteenth century was an energetic period of inventions and entrepreneurial spirit, building on the mid-century Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. The new technologies and techniques created by engineers and entrepreneurs responded to the American dream of comfort and efficiency. Invention fever hit the nation, with more people than ever pursuing big ideas. The use of steam and electricity transformed American manufacturing from an agricultural society to a modern, wage-labor economy.
The inventions of Thomas Edison and other leading entrepreneurs and engineers during the 19th century were instrumental in the industrialization of the United States. Thomas Edison, for instance, invented the first industrial research laboratory in the country. He held 1,093 patents in the United States, and many others around the world. These inventions have had a lasting impact on society, and many people consider him America's greatest inventor.
Henry Bessemer is one of the most important figures in American history. He possessed 129 patents and was responsible for creating the modern incandescent light bulb. Bessemer was the son of Anthony Bessemer, an engineer and member of the French Academy of Science. The inventor, who was born in Charlton, Massachusetts, focused most of his innovations on the family's business.