Chronology of History in Russian
When studying history in Russian, it's helpful to look at the chronology of events. The timeline is broken down by discipline. Each section begins with a quick overview of the discipline in Russia. Each section then includes the standard chronology, which is summarized in a "map."
Historical bibliographies are categorized by subject. They range in scope, and some include lists of periodicals and archives, historiographic literature, and heraldry. Other bibliographies cover a wide range of topics, including biography of historians and emigre publications. Most historical bibliographies are also helpful for tracking trends in Russian publishing. However, there are significant differences between these three bibliographies. For example, one of them does not focus on the Soviet Union's history.
Another bibliography of Russian history is the GPIB bibliography. This includes works from the 15th century to the end of the Soviet Union. It covers government publications as well as general reference works. The bibliography is divided by topic, and entries are annotated and cross-referenced within an entry. A bibliography of history in Russian is a valuable tool for researching Imperial Russia. There are four volumes to choose from.
Another important reference work is the Guide to Russian Reference Books, a collection of bibliographies of works written in Russian. This guide has extensive indexes of titles and authors. A general name index is also included. It's a great place to start when you want to study early Soviet history. This reference work is edited by J.S.G. Simmons, and it covers history and ethnography. The Hoover Institution publishes this guide.
The BBC News provides a chronological account of key events in Russian history. The Russian Revolution occurs in 1917 and the Bolsheviks take control of the government. The country exits World War I, giving up Finland, Poland, and even some lands in the Ukraine. Tsar Nicholas II is executed by the Bolsheviks. In the following century, Russia begins its transformation from a feudal society to a socialist state. The Bolsheviks introduce "Red Terror" and introduce communism. The Communist Party is established under the leadership of Lenin and Peter the Great, who later splinters into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions.
Russia had an important role in world history. It had a number of important figures that shaped the modern Russia that we know today. The Great Tsar Peter the Great was co-tsar with his brother Ivan. During his reign, Russia suffered heavy losses during two world wars, one of which was the World War I. The Russians called their empire the "Third Rome". The Romanov dynasty was established in 1613 by Mikhail Romanov. Peter the Great expanded Russia's empire, moving its capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg. During the nineteenth century, Russian culture reached its peak and many of its famous writers and artists gained fame and fortune.
The Soviet Union falls apart, and Russia gains independence. It joins the Commonwealth of Independent States, which eventually includes all of the former Soviet republics except for the Baltic countries. Russia is invited to join Nato's Partnership for Peace program and sends troops to the territory of Chechnya. In 1993, President Boris Yeltsin suspends the parliament and calls for new elections. The Communist party wins the election. Yeltsin sacks Stepashin and installs Putin as foreign minister. In 2000, he becomes acting president, but later resigns as president.
The USSR was formed in the aftermath of the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union was its largest constituent. It experienced rapid industrialisation, costing millions of lives, and a rise to the status of superpower. Its rivalry with the United States continued during the Cold War, and it ushered in some of the world's most significant technological achievements. However, some aspects of this fascinating history remain obscure. Comparative charts of history in Russian can provide some useful insight into the events that occurred during this period.
The Tsar, Alexander II, ends serfdom in Russia, and labour obligations are abolished. The Ussuri River region is awarded to Russia. Tsar Alexander II also signs the Treaty of Aigun, and in 1854, the Kuril Islands are exchanged with Japan. The Ottoman Empire recognizes the 1783 annexation of Crimea by Russia. The Russian government begins a settlement program known as the Pale of Settlement.
The Czar and the CPSU replace the CHEKA, which is led by Dzerzhinsky. The bullet in Lenin's neck is removed by doctors, after which he suffers his first of several strokes. He proclaims the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and writes a political testament. The Russian revolution, in many ways, ends in the Soviet Union. However, there is little room for celebration.
The Tsars Vladimir Lenin and Boris Yeltsin die. In the first round, Stalin and Bukharin take control of the Soviet Union. The Communist Party is in power. Vladimir Lenin's Soviet Union apes the U.S.S.S.S.S.S.R., and it controls all of Russia. The USSR also annexes the territory of the former Soviet Union.
Alexander Nevskiy ascended the throne of Kievan Rus' and moved the capital to Kiev. Later, he became known as Ivan I the Great, nicknamed 'Money Bags'. The Mongols invade the region, destroying many cities. Later, Dmitry Donskoy defeats the Golden Horde at the Battle of Kulikovo. In 1240, Ivan III becomes Grand Prince of Moscow and frees Russia from the Mongols.
Historical dictionaries in Russian provide a wealth of information, but the ones published in the twentieth century are often less comprehensive. The Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation, for instance, is a useful tool for researchers. This dictionary contains translations and usage examples for more than five thousand Russian words. Its extensive bibliography provides detailed information on historical events and topics, and its more than two thousand entries are cross-referenced. Its coverage includes notable people and events, the economy and foreign relations, and religion.
Another historical dictionary of the Russian language is The Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language (Tolkovyi slovar' Dalia), which has over two hundred thousand words and 30,000 proverbs. It was compiled by academician Vladimir Ivanovich Dal, one of the most famous Russian language lexicographers. The dictionary was published in the Soviet Union twice, in accordance with old spelling rules and alphabets.
Many Russian teachers have not had an opportunity to experience the "profession for oneself," as the radical Brazilian educator Paolo Friere calls it. Consciencization involves coming to know oneself and one's place in the world. This process of self-reflection has not come naturally to Russian teachers, and is the result of a number of socio-political factors that are often not taken into account when developing teaching methods.
For example, the lack of preparedness of students can lead to insufficient learning of various disciplines of history in a foreign language. To remedy this, teachers must change their methodological approaches to teaching history in a foreign language classroom. They should be more flexible and use interactive methods that promote student learning. Moreover, teachers should vary their educational materials to engage students in the subject. Teaching methods for history in Russian should be communicative.
In a study comparing the teaching methods of Turkish and Russian history teachers, the authors found that the most common method is the use of stories to teach history. Stories have been proven to arouse children's interest in the subject. In addition, stories of historical events can stimulate children's imagination and develop their creative powers. Hence, story-based teaching is one of the best teaching methods for history in Russian at the elementary level.