The Legal Status of Gay and Lesbian in Italian
Italy's Eurispes report on the rights of gay and lesbian couples shows a growing acceptance of the LGBT community. The country ranks 32 out of 49 in terms of protecting LGBT rights. While it is not a legal requirement to marry someone of the same sex, the Italian government is taking measures to change this. The following is a brief overview of Italian laws regarding homosexuality. Read on to learn more about Italy's legal status for LGBT couples.
Cross-dressing is legal in Italy
In Italy, cross-dressing is a legal activity. In addition, sex reassignment surgeries are legal as long as the doctor's approval is required. However, because gender identity is not mentioned in the anti-discrimination law, transgender people can face discrimination in employment and in access to goods and services. Some Italians have transgender identities, such as the Femminiello, a tradition with roots in Neapolitan culture. A famous example is the transgender Italian cop, Catterina Vizzani, who spent significant time in the role of a woman.
Earlier in 2015, the Italian parliament rejected a law which would have banned discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation. This bill would have imposed prison sentences for violators of the law. It also prohibited neo-nazism, or the incitement of violence against LGBTQ individuals. However, the Berlusconi Government challenged this law in court, arguing that such legislation is not legally valid and could not be implemented. As a result, the Constitutional Court overruled the law's accommodations provision and its discrimination against transgender people in private homes.
Cross-dressing is a practice in which people change their sex. People engage in this activity for a variety of reasons, some for self-expression and comfort, while others want to shock others and challenge social norms. Italy also has a strong LGBT community, and cross-dressing is allowed for both men and women. For example, in the country of Rome, transgender men are considered men, while women may be allowed to wear female clothing.
Although transgender people are not allowed to practice cross-dressing, Italian law does not criminalize it. However, it does recognize the right to change one's gender in the legal sense. It is still illegal, however, to perform same-sex marriage without a partner. However, Italy is an exception to this rule. In addition, Italy does not allow same-sex adoption and transgender blood donation.
Homosexuality is more accepted in the north
According to a survey by the Pew Research Center, 74% of Italians believe that homosexuality should be accepted by society, while only 18% disagree. The study also found that young people were more accepting, with 86% of those ages 18 to 29 approving of the idea. In contrast, those aged 50 and over were less accepting, with just 67% of those of that age accepting homosexuality. In 2007, there were fewer such incidents, but a similar survey took place in 2013, which revealed an increase of 10%.
The bill aims to protect citizens from discrimination based on their sexual orientation. While the Napoleonic Code had already abolished the punishment for homosexual acts between men, it was not until the Italian Social Republic, led by Victor Emmanuel II, that this legislation was extended to the rest of Italy. But this did not stop Italian authorities from persecuting homosexual males. Indeed, even under Mussolini's regime, the law did not protect them.
Despite this favourable outlook, there are still many barriers to integrating homophobia into society. Although homophobic attitudes are widespread in Italy, the north of the country is still far from welcoming gay people. Fortunately, some communities in the region are making a difference. While gay people in the south may not have the same freedoms as their sex partners, they are still thriving in the northern parts of Italy.
Florence was once thought of as the perfect place for LGBT life. The Medici dynasty, which ruled the city from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, favored the arts and were deemed the ideal place for LGBT life. Homosexuality is not as controversial in the north of Italy, but the city still requires a certain level of tolerance for LGBT people.
Same-sex relationships are not legal in the south
Despite the legal status of same-sex relationships in the country, it is still illegal to marry a person based on their sexual orientation or gender identity. Italy has a long way to go before it fully recognizes LGBT people as equal citizens. While civil unions are legal and same-sex relationships are widely accepted in the country, they are not yet legal in the southern part of Italy. Despite these issues, big city mayors have found ways to market to the LGBT+ community in Italy.
However, recent attacks against gay people have renewed support for anti-gay legislation. In Pescara, a gay man was brutally attacked by a gang of seven people. In Cinque Terre, a gay couple was accosted by a group of six. A man also spat on two teenage girls who were attending a counter-protest. The League of Italian Families (LIF) said that these recent incidents have spurred it to introduce new anti-gay legislation.
While Italy is one of the few countries to have legalized same-sex civil unions, the southern part still lags behind its European counterparts when it comes to anti-homophobia measures. A recent EU-wide survey shows that only 55% of Italians are accepting of LGBT people - significantly lower than the EU average. Catholicism, macho culture, and support for far-right parties have stifled progress. In fact, LGBT rights associations have linked the recent rise in homophobic incidents to Matteo Salvini's League, the Italian prime minister.
In many Asian countries, same-sex relationships are illegal. In some countries, homosexuality can even be punishable by death. However, in South and Central Asia, same-sex marriage has become legal. In a recent Afrobarometer poll, forty-four percent of South Africans are in favor of same-sex marriage. Human rights monitors have found that many security forces have failed to protect the rights of lesbians and gays.
In the south of Italy, homophobia continue to be commonplace. The country's recent legalization of gay marriages is just the latest sign of progress, but the ban on gay relationships remains in place in most parts of the country. As a result, if you're gay and/or transgender in the south of Italy, you may need to take the steps necessary to fight homophobia and protect the rights of LGBTQ people.
Italy ranks 32 out of 49 countries for protection of LGBT rights
Despite the country's new legal framework, it is still far behind other EU nations when it comes to protecting the LGBT community's civil rights. While Italy passed a bill that legalized gay unions in May 2016, it still ranks 32 out of 49 countries for protection of LGBT rights. Despite recent progress, Italy must continue to make improvements. The report notes that Italian homophobia remains entrenched, even after the country's new civil union law went into effect.
The survey also found that homophobic sentiments remain widespread and that society's culture of patriarchy and heteronormativity is enduring. Furthermore, homophobic remarks by high-ranking politicians continue to be common, although cases of hate speech by public officials have reduced. Overall, Italy ranks 32 out of 49 countries for protection of LGBT rights. If these trends continue, Italy will soon be at the bottom of the list.
Despite widespread support for the LGBT+ community, Italy's legal framework is not sufficiently inclusive of their communities. According to the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a staggering 40% of Italian homosexuals and bisexuals report experiencing discrimination at school or at work. Unfortunately, Italy lacks specific legislation that penalises hate crimes against the LGBT community. Its law only lists specific aggravated circumstances for crimes motivated by ethnic or national hatred, not by sexual orientation.
The ILGA-Europe Rainbow Map ranks 49 countries in Europe, with Italy in the 32nd position. Albania is in 19th place and Greece is in the 35th position. Unlike other LGBTI rights rankings, the Rainbow Map is a reflection of national human rights protection of LGBTI citizens. However, it does not reflect the social, public and economic conditions of LGBTI people. So, the ranking should not be interpreted as a comparison of living conditions in different countries.
In addition to LGBT rights, Italy's religious freedom is also a barrier to their realization. The freedom of religion is strongly associated with anti-LGBT beliefs, and is used by states to justify discrimination against LGBT people. However, this issue has an important role to play in protecting the LGBT community. Several countries have adapted religious freedom to support the LGBT community and it should be considered in any future human rights debate.