Best Christian Theological Reference in 2022

Christian Theological Reference

A Christian Theological Reference is a reference book that provides a critical overview of various theological topics. The Encyclopedia of Christian Theology provides information on events, councils, theologians, philosophers, and movements. The reference includes articles on topics ranging from the Incarnation to the Trinitarian doctrine. In addition, each volume contains articles relating to the Christian faith. The following list provides examples of useful Christian theological reference books.


The doctrine of the Incarnation has immense importance for Christians. It describes Christ's nature and person, and reveals his role as the God-man. This doctrine states that God the Son assumed the human nature and entered the time-space world to bring redemption to a sinful humanity. By assuming human nature, Christ represented both God and mankind, and provided redemption through a perfect life and sacrificial death, culminating in His glorious bodily resurrection.

The divine nature of the Son was always present with God in the beginning, but was given a real human nature during the Incarnation. In this way, Jesus Christ became both God and man. The word 'dwelt' can also be translated as 'tabernacled.' Thus, Yahweh manifested Himself in the God-Man, Jesus Christ. Paul recognizes Jesus' humanity in Jesus' ancestry as a descendant of King David. Yet, the miraculous resurrection shows that Jesus is a true God-Man.

There are hundreds of passages in the Bible that affirm the doctrine of the Incarnation. In particular, passages such as Philippians 2:7 explain Christ's incarnation as a "fortuitous" event rather than a necessity. While both of these passages are important, Moltmann feels that the necessity incarnation is unfair to Christ. Thus, Moltmann favors a "fortuitous" incarnation.

God as a "threeness"

The term Trinity refers to the three persons of God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. According to C. S. Lewis, "God is a three-ness, but we cannot say that He is one in the same way as the other two persons."

The word Trinity is often associated with the idea of the Trinity, a recurrent theme in many of the Christian traditions. It is often linked to the idea of God as a "triune being." The term refers to God's three distinct but indivisible nature, and it is not possible to express the true nature of the infinite God through words. It is possible to imagine a God who is the essence of all existence, but this would require some extrapolation.

For some, the Incarnation is a metaphor for God's desire to be present among us and to be the source of the human soul. But what exactly does this mean? Ultimately, Christians believe that the Incarnation demonstrates God's desire to be present and to dwell among us. That means God became human to be present among us. As a result, the Christian God was able to live among us and "walk in the garden."

The relationship of the persons of God is at the heart of the discussion on Christology. Athenagoras of Athens wrote a book on trinity, in which the three persons of the Trinity were equal. In contrast, radical subordinationist views emphasized the primacy of the Father of Creation and Christ, while modalism held that all three persons of God were equal.

Trinitarian doctrine

The Latin Trinitarian theory asserts that there is one God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The argument in favor of this view has been challenged by a number of analytic philosophers, however. Some argue that the theory of the Trinity is unsound, while others contend that it has a negative effect on the nature of Christianity. Regardless of one's personal beliefs, the debate over the doctrine of the Trinity is still alive.

Some critics of the doctrine of the Trinity claim that the Three Persons are the same. In their view, however, this is not true. If the Three Persons are different, then they cannot disagree, a fact which would be incongruous if the Trinity were a unit. A more realistic view of the Trinity would posit a single property of God. This property would be called generation, according to Pickup.

Sabellianism claims that the three Gods are not one person but three selves. This belief is counterproductive to the "Athanasian" creed, which asserts that each Person is separate from the others. Nonetheless, some defenders of this view maintain that the Three Persons have distinct selves. Baber, a renowned philosopher of theology, offers a strong defense of this view.

Acts of the Apostles

If you are looking for a good Christian theological reference, the book of Acts of the Apostles might be the perfect choice for you. This book details the early years of the Christian church, starting with Jesus Christ instructing his apostles for 40 days and commissioning them to be witnesses to the ends of the earth. It concludes with Jesus' ascension to heaven. The word witness occurs twenty times in Acts. In English, the word martyr is a direct translation of the Greek word witness. The ultimate Christian witness is the martyr.

Acts of the Apostles is a significant Christian theological reference because it depicts the early church's proclamation of Jesus. The apostles' message focuses on God's judgment and redemption, which manifests itself in Jesus' death and resurrection. The death and resurrection of Jesus demonstrate God's justice and salvation, as they are the firstfruits of the kingdom. This proclamation proves that salvation can only come through the death and resurrection of Christ.

While the book of Acts describes the early stages of the Christian church, it also traces the spread of Christianity after the first century. The book also highlights the earliest martyrs of Christianity. This book also details the early Christians' mission in Jerusalem. And as we can see, Christianity was spreading like wildfire. As a result, Acts chronicles the lives of early Christians, including Peter and Paul.


The term "revelation" is the Latin term for divine revelation, derived from the Greek word apokalypsis, which means "to remove the veil." While many religions appeal to alleged divine revelations to explain characteristic beliefs about God, the word'revelation' has a broader meaning, referring to the process of revealing something or a person. It has been a central subject of debate in theology, and its implications have influenced philosophical discussion.

Christian theology describes revelation as God's communication to man. Both the content and the act of revelation are important aspects of the Christian faith. Medieval theologians distinguished between natural and supernatural revelation, but did not distinguish between the sources of each. They believed that all revelation came from God. In the Christian tradition, however, revelation is a process that is initiated by God. The text of the New Testament contains both general and special revelations.

The Revelation as History model identifies the book as a record of God's "great deeds" in salvation history. In this view, the biblical text itself is not the object of revelation, but rather is an important part of it. However, some representatives of this approach argue that illumination is necessary to interpret historical events correctly. Therefore, this interpretation is often favored by evangelical theologians. There are several problems with this view, however.


In Christianity, Christian pneumatology refers to the study of the Holy Spirit. Its early history has been shaped by controversy, which stems from differences in understanding of the deity of the Holy Spirit and the triune nature of God. Some early church fathers debated whether the Spirit was fully God. Irenaeus, for instance, called the Spirit an attribute of God while Origen believed that He was a supreme being created by the Father and Son.

Although Pentecostalism and Charismatic Renewal have brought this discipline into prominence in the twentieth century, serious theological research on Pneumatology has lagged behind since the Council. The discipline has profound implications on all aspects of Christian theology, from Christology to Trinitarianism. Theology of the Spirit is also vitally impacted by pneumatology, and it has a significant role in ecclesiology, revelation, and missiology.

Pneumatology has many implications, not the least of which is its fluidity. Its proximity to Christology presents unique epistemological challenges. Its transpersonality makes it difficult to draw conclusions about God, and the Holy Spirit, and therefore the nature of Christian theology. Even so, pneumatology can be a valuable reference for the development of Christian spirituality. If properly applied, pneumatology can help Christians better understand Christ and the Trinity, which are the main concerns of Christian theology.

Vincent Kumar

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