Best Celtic, English & Welsh Myths & Legends in 2022

Celtic English Welsh Myths Legends

Celtic English Welsh Myths Legends include many myths and legends. Some of these myths and legends are related to animals, such as The Mabinogion and The Lady of Llyn y Fan Fach. Others deal with human emotions and behaviors, such as the afanc.

The Mabinogion

Originally, the stories were written in the Gaelic language. The name "Mabinogion" means "bard's tale." These stories are told from a child's perspective and consist of four branches. The twelfth branch, known as Hanes Taliesin, is an independent tale. This story describes the king's fight against an evil enchanter who is turning his nephews into beasts. The story also depicts a character similar to King Arthur, but different from the popular version of the story.

The stories are believed to have originated in the 11th and 12th centuries. However, a number of historians disagree on the exact date of the tales. Some scholars believe that the tales were written in the early 14th century, while others think they date to later times. The Mabinogion stories are preserved in two manuscripts from the medieval period, including the White Book of Rhydderch and the Red Book of Hergest. However, scholars are still unsure as to which manuscript has the oldest stories.

The Welsh translation of "The Four Branches" is by Ifor Williams, who edited the Welsh text in 1930 and published an English translation in 1949. The translation was updated in 1977 by Patrick K. Ford, who translated the poem for a wider audience.

The Lady of Llyn y Fan Fach

The Lady of Llyn y Fanfach is an ancient Welsh myth. The tale tells of a beautiful young woman who was born from a lake in the Black Mountains. She was promised to marry a local man, named Gywn, who fell in love with her. On his third visit to the lake, the lady agreed to marry him. However, the woman warned that if Gywn struck her three times, she would leave him forever.

Originally, this story was recorded by Sir John Rhys in his collection Celtic Folklore, Welsh and Manx. Rhys based his story on oral accounts from three informants from Myddfai. Later, T. Gwyn Jones published his own collection of Welsh myths.

In Celtic Welsh myths, people often have encounters with the Otherworld. One of these stories is about the lake Llyn y Fan Fach, situated in Carmarthenshire, Wales. However, this myth is not related to the Arthurian legend of the Lady of the Lake. This tale involves a farmer who finds the lake, falls in love with her, and marries her. While the two are married, the woman lives in happiness for a short time before returning to her own world. In the meantime, she leaves a legacy on earth for her descendants to inherit.

The afanc

The afanc was a water monster that was the bane of the ancient Welsh people. These creatures could raise floodwaters to kill and consume humans and animals. Their legendary legends have been revived by Iolo Morgannwg during the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Welsh people's most famous tale is the Oldest Animals, which involves a character gathering information from a variety of animals and then naming the oldest animal. The Oldest Animals tales are found in several collections, including Culhwch and Olwen, and the Triad, or "The Three Elders of the World."

Another eagle tale has the afanc being the protector of a king. He is said to have slayed a monster, which would cause him to lose his head. The myth also relates to the afanc's power of flight, which would lead to death. The afanc, however, is associated with many other animals and is related to many Celtic myths.

The Wise Man

The Wise Man is an important character in many Celtic English Welsh myths. His role is often ambiguous, and some believe that he is a demigod or the son of a god. Others believe that he is an ordinary human. However, there are a number of sources that support both interpretations.

The Wise Man has many names, and is also sometimes called Gwydion, whose name is related to the Welsh gods. In many stories, he has an agricultural nature and is associated with the three Elders of the World (Culhwch and Olwen). The Wise Man was also a powerful magician.

Legends of the Wise Man date back to ancient Celtic times, and some have argued that the tale was brought from Scotland to Wales by Arthur. However, other scholars say that the transfer took place in the ninth or tenth centuries. The Lailoken-Myrddin tale is much older than the other Celtic Wild Men. It first appeared in the hagiography Life of Kentigern, which dates back to the early 11th century.

The Devil's visit to Ceredigion

Ceredigion is a place in Wales that has many myths associated with it. One of these myths relates to an ancient submerged forest. Legend says that a place called Welsh Atlantis lies beyond this petrified woodland.

According to this tale, the Devil's visit to Ceredigion took place in the year 657, which is when the Devil visited the region. The story of this event is a popular part of Celtic English Welsh mythology. The Devil once visited the region to make a sacrifice, but was soon thwarted by a wily old lady. It is said that the devil was embarrassed and never returned.

This story is one of the oldest recorded in the Celtic English Welsh myths. It is also one of the most widely read. There are several versions of the legend. The one most common version tells of the Devil visiting Ceredigion.

The curse of Macha

The curse of Macha in Celtic English Welsh legends was believed to cause death. In one version, King Connor stripped the chariot of all decorations, including cushions and cloths. He also took off his heavy cloak and linen tunic. Then he took the reins of the chariot himself.

The curse was passed down through the generations. One of the twins was called Macha, and she cursed her twins to suffer pains of childbirth for nine days. In addition, the curse would last for nine generations, and each Ulster fighting man would be cursed as he grew a beard. The curse was so powerful that the twins were eventually killed. When they were still alive, the king of Ulster summoned the people to a feast, and the king purchased a fine new chariot. However, Macha warned Crunden that he would not boast about his wife.

Another example of a curse in Celtic mythology is a witch who cursed her husband with a magic spell. Cu Chullain had been an exceptionally strong berserker from his early childhood. He was surrounded by geasa and prophecies. Eventually, he took his arms, which meant that he accepted the curse.

The Banshee

The Banshee is a female spirit that roams the countryside, warning of impending death. It can be seen as a beautiful young woman, a stately matron, or a frightful hag. This mythical creature is most often associated with ancient Irish families, such as the Fitzgerald, O'Neil, O'Connor, and O'Grady families. Her cries are often described as a mixture of the sounds made by children, wolves, and women in childbirth. In some cases, the Banshee can be heard singing sad songs to those who are about to die.

The Banshee is also referred to by other names, such as Bean Nighe. While the name Kathleen is more modern than the Banshee myth, she is a very old Irish name. In fact, the name is so ancient in Irish mythology that it is included among the oldest sagas. Its diminutive ending -een reinforces the idea that the Banshee was originally a daughter of a house.

Banshees were believed to be a threat in Ireland centuries ago. It was blasphemy to disbelieve in them. However, some people still believe in them. The Banshee myth is definitely one of them. While the Banshee myth has some historical basis, the Banshee is more often associated with myth than reality. While it's not entirely clear what the Banshee was, many people believe it to be a frightening and sinister creature.

The Angelystor

The Angelystor in Celtic English Welsh mythology is a supernatural being. Several stories say that he appears in a medieval church, announcing the names of parishioners about to die. The angel has also been associated with the churchyard, which contains the oldest living thing in Wales - a yew tree thought to be over 3,000 years old.

Another famous legend is of Taliesin, the great bard of Wales. He started his life as a serving boy named Gwion Bach, but accidentally drank a magical potion. He was later found by Prince Elffin, and was credited with inspiring his countrymen to defeat the Saxons. His mother was the powerful witch Ceridwen. The story is sometimes told in the Welsh mythology book, the Mabinogion.

According to the legend, the Angelystor is the protector of the town of Llandudno, Wales. He has the power to protect the town from evil spirits and frighten away evil spirits. He is also a protector of those who are in danger of harm or death.

Rachel Gray

In July 2021 I graduated with a 2:1 BA (Hons) degree in Marketing Management from Edinburgh Napier University. My aim is to work in book publishing, specifically in publicity, or to specialise in branding or social media marketing. I have 6 years of retail experience as for over 5 years I was a Customer Advisor at Boots UK and I now work as a Bookseller in Waterstones. In my spare time, I love to read and I run an Instagram account dedicated to creating and posting book related content such as pictures, stories, videos and reviews. I am also in the early stages of planning to write my own book as I also enjoy creative writing.

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